Peishan Tsai

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BACKGROUND Bolus thermodilution cardiac output (BCO) measurement has been considered as the "gold standard" for cardiac output (CO) measurement. However, it requires placement of a pulmonary artery (PA) catheter, and questions have been raised regarding the risk/benefit ratio of this invasive technique. Furthermore, great variations between measurements(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhagic shock upregulates inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) expression and the resultant NO overproduction. Liver is one of the major organs that is responsible for increased NO production after trauma-hemorrhage and resuscitation. Guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH) is the rate-limiting enzyme for the synthesis of(More)
Colleges and schools of nursing with doctoral programs focus on developing quality research programs. One effective way of managing and nurturing a research program is through the implementation of a nursing research office or center. The purpose of this study is to describe the resources provided by the colleges/schools of nursing with doctoral programs(More)
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