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BACKGROUND In population-based studies, it is generally recognized that single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers are not independent. Rather, they are carried by haplotypes, groups of SNPs that tend to be coinherited. It is thus possible to choose a much smaller number of SNPs to use as indices for identifying haplotypes or haplotype blocks in genetic(More)
BACKGROUND With the completion of the genome sequences of human, mouse, and other species and the advent of high throughput functional genomic research technologies such as biomicroarray chips, more and more genes and their products have been discovered and their functions have begun to be understood. Increasing amounts of data about genes, gene products(More)
We present the genomic sequence of Legionella pneumophila, the bacterial agent of Legionnaires' disease, a potentially fatal pneumonia acquired from aerosolized contaminated fresh water. The genome includes a 45-kilobase pair element that can exist in chromosomal and episomal forms, selective expansions of important gene families, genes for unexpected(More)
In high-resolution biological electron microscopy, the speed of collection of large numbers of high-quality micrographs is a rate-limiting step in the overall process of structure determination. Approaches to speed up data collection can be very useful, especially in "single-molecule" microscopy of large multiprotein and protein-nucleic acid complexes,(More)
BACKGROUND Haplotype based linkage disequilibrium (LD) mapping has become a powerful and cost-effective method for performing genetic association studies, particularly in the search for genetic markers in linkage disequilibrium with complex disease loci. Various methods (e.g. Monte-Carlo (Gibbs sampling); EM (expectation maximization); and Clark's method)(More)
We have developed an integrated physical mapping computer software package (IMP), originally designed to support the physical mapping of human chromosome 13 and expanded to support several gene-identification projects based on the positional candidate approach. IMP displays map data in a form that provides useful guidelines to the end users. An integrated(More)
  • Chao Deng, Peisen Zhang, Aili W Ang, Brian J Trummer, Denong W Ang
  • 2002
In microarray experiments, there are a variety of systematic errors to affect the measured gene expression levels. Although a number of algorithms were proposed for the normalization of different type of cDNA microarray data, they have encountered many difficulties due to the complex nonlinear sources of systematic error. In this case, a nonlinear(More)