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Histones are fundamental structural components of chromatin and are expected to play important roles in chromosome dynamics. Here, we present direct evidence that Cse4p, a histone H3 variant, is a structural component of the core centromere of S. cerevisiae. In histone H4 and Cse4p mutants, the core centromere chromatin structure is disrupted at restrictive(More)
Deubiquitinases (DUBs) are a new class of drug targets, although the physiological function of only few DUBs has been characterized. Here we identified the DUB USP15 as a crucial negative regulator of T cell activation. USP15 stabilized the E3 ubiquitin ligase MDM2, which in turn negatively regulated T cell activation by targeting the degradation of the(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU), an autosomal recessive disorder of amino acid metabolism caused by mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene, leads to childhood mental retardation by exposing neurons to cytotoxic levels of phenylalanine (Phe). A recent study showed that the mitochondria-mediated (intrinsic) apoptotic pathway is involved in Phe-induced(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate potential functional variants in FTO and SH2B1 genes among Chinese children with obesity. METHODS Sanger sequencing of PCR products of all FTO and SH2B1 exons and their flanking regions were performed in 338 Chinese Han children with obesity and 221 age- and sex-matched lean controls. RESULTS A total of seven and five rare(More)
UNLABELLED The p53 (TP53) tumor suppressor is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancers. Restoring expression of wild-type p53 has led to tumor growth suppression in a variety of tumor models that are p53 deficient. Other mechanisms, for example, upregulation of Mdm2, exist in tumors to inactivate the p53 pathway. Mdm2, an E3 ubiquitin ligase that(More)
The fusion transcript AML1/ETO was detected in the bone marrow of two t(8;21)-negative acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients by means of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. This fusion transcript is identical to the one transcribed from the t(8;21) translocation base, as deduced from (a) the size and restriction pattern of the amplified DNA(More)
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