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Tanshinone IIA (tan), a derivative of phenanthrenequinone, is one of the key components of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. Previous reports showed that tan inhibited the apoptosis of cultured PC12 cells induced by serum withdrawal or ethanol. However, whether tan has a cardioprotective effect against apoptosis remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Tanshinone IIA (TS), a pharmacologically active component isolated from the rhizome of the Chinese herb Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Danshen), has been clinically used in Asian countries for the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease. Recently, the pharmacological properties of TS in the cardiovascular system have attracted great interest.(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) boost the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs), and thereby play important roles in diabetic nephropathy (DN). Sirtuin 1 (Sirt1), a protein deacetylase, is known to markedly protect cells from oxidative stress (OSS) injury. Based on the critical involvements of AGEs and Sirt1(More)
Waterlogging usually results from overuse or poor management of irrigation water and is a serious constraint due to its damaging effects. RAP2.6L (At5g13330) overexpression enhances plant resistance to jasmonic acid, salicylic acid, abscisic acid (ABA) and ethylene in Arabidopsis thaliana. However, it is not known whether RAP2.6L overexpression in vivo(More)
This study is designed to investigate the protection of tanshinone IIA (TSIIA) against atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice and to explore the mechanisms by focusing on the expressions of scavenger receptors, scavenger receptor-A (SR-A) and CD36. The in vivo study demonstrated that TSIIA (10-90mg/kg) inhibited the atherosclerotic(More)
Both RhoA/ROCK and NF-κB signaling pathways play important roles in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, it remains unknown whether and how RhoA/ROCK regulates NF-κB signaling in diabetic kidneys. In cultured glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs), the high glucose-activated NF-κB nuclear translocation and DNA binding activity were attenuated(More)
OBJECTIVE Vein grafts in a coronary bypass or a hemodialysis access often develop obliterative growth of the neointima. We previously reported that the mechanical stretch-activated insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1/IGF-1R) pathway plays an important role in this remodeling. However, the transcriptional mechanism(s) regulating IGF-1R expression(More)
Fusarium wilt (Panama disease), caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 4 (Foc race 4), is one of the most destructive diseases affecting banana (Musa). Early and accurate detection of Foc race 4 is essential to protect the banana industry. We developed a novel and highly specific loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay for(More)
Recent evidence indicates that the antimalarial agent artesunate (ART) has immunomodulatory properties that may be useful for treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the effects of ART on the RA animal model have not been described. The current study aimed to evaluate the antiarthritic effect of ART and explore the potential mechanism on type II(More)
Tanshinone II-A (TSN) is the most abundant diterpene quinone isolated from Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza), which has been used in treating cardiovascular diseases for more than 2000 years in China. Interest in its versatile protective effects in cardiovascular, metabolic, neurodegenerative diseases, and cancers has been growing over the last decade. TSN is a(More)