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High-density cell culture is pivotal for the chondrogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Two high-density cell culture systems, micromass and pellet culture, have been used to induce chondrogenic differentiation of hMSCs. In micromass culture, the induced-cartilage tissues were larger, more homogenous and enriched in(More)
Adipogenesis and osteogenesis, a reciprocal relationship in bone marrow, are complex processes including proliferation of precursor cells, commitment to the specific lineage, and terminal differentiation. Accumulating evidence from in vitro and in vivo studies suggests that melatonin affects terminal differentiation of osteoblasts and adipocytes, but little(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is one of the most common spinal deformities found in adolescent populations. Recently, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in a Japanese population indicated that three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs11190870, rs625039 and rs11598564, all located near the LBX1 gene, may be associated with AIS(More)
A novel biomimetic composite scaffold Bioglass-Collagen-Phosphatidylserine (BG-COL-PS) was fabricated with a freeze-drying technique. The macrostructure and morphology as well as mechanical strength of the scaffolds were characterized. Scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) showed that the BG-COL-PS scaffolds exhibited interconnected porous structures with(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the genetic abnormality responsible for osteoarthritis (OA), avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head, and Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease in a single family, and to determine factors responsible for the distinct phenotypes manifested by different family members. METHODS Forty-two members of a 5-generation family were recruited and(More)
In this study, the in vivo bone-regenerative potential of a novel bioactive glass-collagen-hyaluronic acid-Phosphatidylserine (BG-COL-HYA-PS) composite scaffold hybridized with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was investigated in a rat bone defect model. HrGFP-labeled MSCs were cultured for 2 weeks on the BG-COL-HYA-PS scaffold before implantation into the(More)
This is an anatomic, preclinical study using computed tomography and computerized simulation to describe the morphologic features and ideal screw insertion trajectories for cervical pedicles in the southern Chinese population. The morphologic features of the pedicle of vertebrae (C3-C7) from 20 human cadaver spines were evaluated with computed tomography(More)
The collagen type II alpha 1 (COL2A1) mutation causes severe skeletal malformations, but the pathogenic mechanisms of how this occurs are unclear. To understand how this may happen, a col2a1 p.Gly1170Ser mutated mouse model was constructed and in homozygotes, the chondrodysplasia phenotype was observed. Misfolded procollagen was largely synthesized and(More)
BACKGROUND Brachydactyly type A2 (BDA2) is an autosomal dominant disorder. It was recently reported that a 5.9 kb duplication and a 5.5 kb duplication in the region 20p12.2-12.3 are associated with BDA2 in two European families. OBJECTIVE To characterise a 6-generation Chinese family with 16 members affected by BDA2 and map the gene to 20p12.2-12.3. (More)
Leptin has been suggested to play a role in the etiology of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS), however, the leptin levels in AIS girls are still a discrepancy, and no in vitro study of leptin in AIS is reported. We took a series of case-control studies, trying to understand whether Leptin gene polymorphisms are involved in the etiology of the AIS or the(More)