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Oxidation of glutathione (GSH) to glutathione disulfide (GSSG) occurs during cellular oxidative stress. The redox potential of the 2GSH/GSSG couple, which is determined by the Nernst equation, provides a means to assess cellular redox status. It is difficult to accurately quantify GSH and GSSG due to the ease with which GSH is oxidized to GSSG during sample(More)
Though Abl inhibitors are often successful therapies for the initial stages of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), refractory cases highlight the need for novel molecular insights. We demonstrate that mice deficient in the enzyme 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) develop a myeloproliferative disorder (MPD) that progresses to transplantable leukemia. Although(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of 15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LO-1) on cholesterol mobilization from macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS Overexpression of human 15-LO-1 in RAW mouse macrophages led to enhanced cholesterol efflux, increased cholesteryl ester (CE) hydrolysis, and increased reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). Efflux(More)
The formation of 15-oxo-5,8,11,13-(Z,Z,Z,E)-eicosatetraenoic acid (15-oxo-ETE) as a product from rabbit lung 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH)-mediated oxidation of 15(S)-hydroperoxy-5,8,11,13-(Z,Z,Z,E)-eicosatetraenoic acid was first reported more than 30 years ago. However, the pharmacological significance of 15-oxo-ETE formation has never been(More)
Five major products (adducts A(1a), A(1b), A(2), A(3,) and B) from the reaction of guanosine (Guo) with 4-oxo-2(E)-nonenal (ONE) were detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Tandem MS (MS/MS) analysis of these compounds suggested that modifications to the nucleoside had been introduced. Adducts A(1a), A(1b), A(2), and A(3) were(More)
15(S)-Hydroperoxy-[5Z,8Z,11Z,13E]-eicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HpETE) undergoes homolytic decomposition to bifunctional electrophiles such as 4-oxo-2(E)-nonenal. 4-Oxo-2(E)-nonenal reacts with glutathione to form a thiadiazabicyclo-4-oxo-2(E)-nonenal-glutathione adduct (TOG). Therefore, this endogenous glutathione adduct can serve as a specific biomarker of(More)
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