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Constitutive activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is involved in tumorigenesis and chemo-resistance. As the key regulator of NF-κB, IKKβ is a major therapeutic target for various cancers. Trichothecin (TCN) is a metabolite isolated from an endophytic fungus of the herbal plant Maytenus hookeri Loes. In this study, we evaluated(More)
The endophytic fungus Trichothecium roseum LZ93 from Maytenus hookeri was found to antagonize other pathogenic fungi in vitro. To identify which compound contributed substantially to the antagonism, we fermented the strain and purified its fermentation products. Eleven compounds were obtained, including two trichothecenes, five rosenonolactones, two(More)
Ansamitocins are potent antitumor maytansinoids produced by Actinosynnema pretiosum. Their biosynthesis involves the initial assembly of a macrolactam polyketide, followed by a series of postpolyketide synthase (PKS) modifications. Three ansamitocin glycosides were isolated from A. pretiosum and fully characterized structurally as novel ansamitocin(More)
Carbamoylation is one of the post-PKS modifications in ansamitocin biosynthesis. A novel ansamitocinoside with carbamoyl substitution at the C-4 hydroxyl group of the N-β-D-glucosyl moiety was identified from the ansamitocin producer, Actinosynnema pretiosum. Through biotransformation, the carbamoyltransferase gene asm21 was suggested to be responsible for(More)
To verify the hypothesis on the involvement of commensal actinomycetes in the biosynthesis of plant maytansinoids that belong to the ansamycin family, selective isolation and targeted screenings were conducted. In total, 164 endophytic actinomycetes isolates were obtained from the roots, twigs, seeds, callus, and germ-free seedlings of(More)
Strain W5 was isolated from stem of Trewia nudiflora L. and identified as a member of Streptomyces according to its 16S rDNA partial sequence. From extracts of fermentation medium of W5, a new γ-butyrolactone (1), together with nine known compounds [2-methyl-2,5-bornandiol (2), dimeric dinactin (3),(More)
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