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Macrophage-derived inflammatory mediators have been implicated in tissue injury induced by a number of hepatotoxicants. In the present studies, we used transgenic mice with a targeted disruption of the gene for inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS II) to analyze the role of nitric oxide in inflammatory mediator production in the liver and in tissue injury(More)
Transgenic mice with a targeted disruption of the tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) gene were used to analyze the role of TNF-alpha in pro- and anti-inflammatory mediator production and liver injury induced by acetaminophen. Treatment of wild-type mice with acetaminophen (300 mg/kg) resulted in centrilobular hepatic necrosis. This was correlated with(More)
Macrophages are known to release a number of different inflammatory mediators with cytotoxic potential. In the present studies we analyzed the role of two macrophage-derived mediators, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and nitric oxide, in liver injury induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Treatment of mice with CCl4 resulted in a dose- and(More)
Chick cDNA clones for a new member of the FACIT (fibril-associated collagens with interrupted triple helices) subfamily have been isolated and sequenced. The collagen chain encoded by these cDNAs was assigned the next consecutive number, making it the alpha1(XX) collagen chain. Assignment of type XX collagen to the FACIT family was based on sequence(More)
Tissue-specific assembly of fibers composed of the major collagen types I and II depends in part on the formation of heterotypic fibrils, using the quantitatively minor collagens V and XI. Here we report the identification of a new fibrillar-like collagen chain that is related to the fibrillar alpha1(V), alpha1(XI), and alpha2(XI) collagen polypeptides and(More)
Collagen XXIII is a member of the transmembranous subfamily of collagens containing a cytoplasmic domain, a membrane-spanning hydrophobic domain, and three extracellular triple helical collagenous domains interspersed with non-collagenous domains. We cloned mouse, chicken, and humanalpha1(XXIII) collagen cDNAs and showed that this non-abundant collagen has(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophils constitute the first line of defense against invading microorganisms. Whereas these cells readily undergo apoptosis under homeostatic conditions, their survival is prolonged during inflammatory reactions and they become biochemically and functionally activated. In the present study, we analyzed the effects of acute endotoxemia on the(More)
OBJECTIVE It has been suggested that there is a decrease in the collagen content of the fetal membranes when there is premature rupture of the membranes before the onset of labor. This study was designed to determine whether decreased amniochorion collagen production (as measured by reduced amounts of messenger RNA) or alterations in relative production of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to determine whether the expression of extracellular matrix components (ECM) is altered in the umbilical arteries from preterm fetal growth-restricted (FGR) pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN Preterm pregnancies with FGR were compared with appropriately grown preterm pregnancies. Umbilical artery messenger RNA (mRNA) levels for(More)
Mustard exposures result in epithelial-stromal separations in the cornea and epidermal-dermal separations in the skin. Large blisters often manifest in skin, while the cornea develops microblisters, and, when enough form, the epithelium sloughs. If the exposure is severe, healing can be imperfect and can result in long-term adverse consequences. For the(More)