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Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) contains two virus-specific delta antigens (HDAgs), large and small forms, which are identical in sequence except that the large one contains 19 extra amino acids at the C terminus. HDAgs are nuclear phosphoproteins with distinct biological functions; the small form activates HDV RNA replication, whereas the large form suppresses(More)
Modeling of interstitial fluid flow involves processes such as fluid diffusion, convective transport in extracellular matrix, and extravasation from blood vessels. To date, majority of microvascular flow modeling has been done at different levels and scales mostly on simple tumor shapes with their capillaries. However, with our proposed numerical model,(More)
Ionic-complementary peptides are novel nano-biomaterials with a variety of biomedical applications including potential biosurface engineering. This study presents evidence that a model ionic-complementary peptide EAK16-II is capable of assembling/coating on hydrophilic mica as well as hydrophobic highly ordered pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) surfaces with(More)
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) encodes two proteins, the small delta antigen (SHDAg) and large delta antigen (LHDAg). The latter is identical to the former except for the presence of additional 19 amino acids at the C terminus. While SHDAg is required for HDV replication, LHDAg inhibits replication and, together with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), is(More)
To define the important cis-elements in hepatitis delta virus (HDV) RNA, the viral genome was mutated by a linker-scanning mutagenesis strategy that maintained the native rod-like structure of HDV RNA. Mutant HDV cDNAs or their corresponding RNA transcripts were transfected into a Huh-7-derived cell line which continuously expressed small hepatitis delta(More)
Point mutations in exons of the tumor suppressor p53 gene occur frequently in many human tumors including hepatocellular carcinoma and are extensively studied. However, intronic point mutations are rare and are totally unknown for hepatocellular carcinoma. By reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction amplification of p53 RNA from hepatocellular(More)
Hepatitis delta virus (HDV) is composed of four specific components. The first component is envelope protein which contains hepatitis B surface antigens. The second and third components are nucleocapsid proteins, referred to as small and large hepatitis delta antigens (HDAgs). The final component is a single-stranded circular RNA molecule known as the viral(More)
A special class of self-assembling peptides has been found to be capable of stabilizing the hydrophobic anticancer agent ellipticine in aqueous solution. Here we study the effect of peptide sequence on the complex formation and its anticancer activity in vitro. Three peptides, EAK16-II, EAK16-IV and EFK16-II, were selected to have either a different charge(More)