Pei-ying Jiao

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BACKGROUND The treatment and control of schistosomiasis, an often neglected tropical disease that exacerbates poverty, depends on a single drug, praziquantel. The large-scale use of praziquantel might select for drug-resistant parasites, hence there is a need to develop new antischistosomal compounds. Here, we report that the antimalarial drug mefloquine(More)
AIM To study the effect of artemether (Art) on phosphorylase (PP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH), and adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) of S japonicum. METHODS Mice infected with S. japonicum cercariae for 32-38 d were treated i.g. with Art 100-300 mg.kg-1 and killed 24-72 h after treatment for collection of(More)
Mefloquine, an antimalarial drug, has been found to be effective against various stages of schistosomes in vivo. The purpose of the study is to explore the in vitro effect of mefloquine against adult and juvenile Schistosoma japonicum and to compare its efficacy with praziquantel. Three-hour-old schistosomula were prepared by penetrating the mouse skin with(More)
The purpose of the study is to explore the efficacy of mefloquine administered orally at single, multiple doses, or in combination with artesuante, artemether, or praziquantel in mouse—Schistosoma japonicum model. A total of 205 mice were divided into 4 batches and each batch of mice was infected percutaneously with 40 S. japonicum cercariae for 35 days.(More)
Glutathione S-transferase (GST) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) are major antioxidant enzymes of schistosomes that are involved in detoxification processes. To study the effect of artemether on these enzymes, mice infected with adult Schistosoma japonicum, were treated with artemether either at a subcurative (100 mg/kg) or a curative dose (300 mg/kg).(More)
The purpose of the study is to better understand the antischistosomal properties of artemether, praziquantel, and ozonide (OZ) compounds (synthetic trioxolanes, secondary ozonides) in hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) model. A total of 230 male hamsters infected each with 100 Schistosoma japonicum cercariae were used in the study. Groups of five to ten(More)
Antischistosomal activities of a synthetic peroxide OZ78 (an ozonide carboxylic acid) against Schistosoma japonicum have been studied in mice and rabbits. Among 132 mice used, 30 of them were infected with 80–100 S. japonicum cercariae for collection of juvenile and adult schistosomes applied in in vitro tests. The remaining 102 mice were infected with 40(More)
Echinococcus granulosus cyst wall exhibited activities of fumarate hydratase (FH), pyruvate kinase (PK), and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) with 911-1433, 151-215, and 54-98U, respectively. The ratio of PK/PEPCK was 2.2-2.7, indicating that glycolysis is the main pathway of carbohydrate metabolism in the cyst wall. When infected mice were treated(More)
Antischistosomal properties of mefloquine against Schistosoma japonicum have been further studied. A total of 260 mice were divided into four batches, and three batches of them were infected percutaneously with 40 S. japonicum cercariae. In the remaining batch, mice were infected with 20, 40, or 80 S. japonicum cercariae. Other 45 hamster, divided into two(More)
AIM To study the effect of artemether (Art) on glucose uptake and glycogen content in schistosomes. METHODS Schistosomes recovered from mice treated intragastrically with Art 300 mg.kg-1 for 24-48 h, were incubated in the drug-free medium containing [U-14C]glucose 11.1 MBq.L-1. The glycogen content, [U-14C]glucose uptake, and incorporation of(More)