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— The increasing need of protocol development environments and network performance evaluation tools gives rise to the research of flexible, scalable, and accurate network emulators. The desired network emulator should be able to facilitate the emulation of either wireline or wireless networks. In the case when network topology is critical to the underlying(More)
To improve the scalability of Gnutella-like unstructured Peer-to-Peer (P2P) networks, a uniform index caching (UIC) mechanism was suggested in some earlier work. In UIC, query results are cached in all peers along the inverse query path such that the same query of other peers can be replied from their nearby-cached results. However, our experiments show(More)
—Peer-to-peer networks are widely criticized for their inefficient flooding search mechanism. Distributed Hash Table (DHT) algorithms have been proposed to improve the search efficiency by mapping the index of a file to a unique peer based on predefined hash functions. However, the tight coupling between indices and hosting peers incurs high maintenance(More)
Test and performance evaluation of protocols and algorithms in mobile wireless networks is known to be challenging. Due to the highly varying characteristics of mobile wireless networks, one cannot merely rely on either network simulation or a testbed. Network emulation provides a controllable and reproducible environment, yet it generally lacks the support(More)
Stem cell therapy has recently been introduced to treat patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, no data are available on the efficacy and safety of allogeneic Wharton’s Jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cell (WJ-MSC) transplantation in patients with T2DM. Here we performed a non-placebo controlled prospective phase I/II study to determine(More)
—Many research activities on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) need detailed performance statistics about protocols, systems, and applications; however, current simulation tools and testbeds lack mechanisms to report these statistics realistically and conveniently. To address this need, we have developed a WSN emulator, VMNet. VMNet emulates networked sensor(More)
—Network research generally requires a simulation or emulation environment to test protocol implementations, to evaluate the performance of a scheme or a system, and to study complicated and highly varying network operations. For large network simulation, simulators will consume a large amount of time and memory, and its result is largely based on some(More)