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Forty newborn infants, median age 9 minutes, turned their eyes and heads to follow a series of moving stimuli. Responsiveness was significantly greater to a proper face pattern than to either of two scrambled versions of the same stimulus or to a blank. The demonstration of such consistent response differences suggests that visual discriminations are being(More)
That the pupil reacts to changes in luminance and color, as well as to spatial features in the retinal image raises questions about whether phasic and tonic and/or color and luminance visual pathways project to the pretectal pupillomotor neurons. The present study compares pupillary responses evoked by heterochromatic and achromatic luminance increments to(More)
Improving learning and classification efficiency has become increasingly important for machine learning. If the traditional RBF kernel is adopted, the learned kernel-based classifier usually delivers better performance by engaging a large training dataset. However, such a high performance comes at the expense of costly learning and classification(More)
The purpose of the present experiment was to determine how a rat's prior history (of repeated gentle handling and/or of the elevated plus-maze apparatus) modified the behavioural and neurochemical response to chlordiazepoxide. In handled animals one previous exposure to the plus-maze rendered the rats insensitive to the anxiolytic effects of(More)
1. The content of amino acids (taurine, glycine, glutamic acid, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and aspartic acid) and monoamines (5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and noradrenaline) in homogenates of rat cortical and hippocampal tissue were measured by high performance liquid chromatography (h.p.l.c.) with fluorescent and(More)
In this paper, we propose structured doubling algorithms for the computation of the weakly stabilizing Hermitian solutions of the continuous-and discrete-time algebraic Riccati equations, respectively. Assume that the partial multiplicities of purely imaginary and unimodular eigenvalues (if any) of the associated Hamiltonian and symplectic pencil,(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: Abstract This paper presents a fast algorithm for bidiagonalizing a Hankel matrix. An(More)
Using in situ hybridisation, the effects of acute and chronic diazepam administration and diazepam withdrawal on preprocholecystokinin (CCK) mRNA levels in discrete regions of rat brain were determined. In cerebral cortex and a subpopulation of hippocampal neurones, CCK mRNA levels were increased after a single injection of diazepam and 24 h after(More)
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between sympathetic nerve activation and inflammatory response in the acute stage of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in a canine perforating model. SAH was induced by perforation of the basilar artery with the use of a microcatheter via the femoral artery in 20 mongrel dogs. Hemodynamic(More)