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image: When treated with the herbicide oryzalin, the isotropic growth of Arabidopsis thaliana results in a froth-like cellular structure. In plants, the resistance of the cell wall to internal turgor pressure helps shape the cells and the tissues, providing plant rigidity and helping it stand erect. Oryzalin depolymerizes microtubules in the growing shoot(More)
OBJECTIVE To better understand and summarize the relation between milk peptide intake and blood pressure (BP), we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to assess the effects of the milk-derived tripeptides isoleucine-proline-proline and valine-proline-proline on BP in prehypertensive and hypertensive subjects. METHODS Nine studies(More)
Autophagy and molecular chaperones both regulate protein homeostasis and maintain important physiological functions. Atg7 (autophagy-related gene 7) and Hsp27 (heat shock protein 27) are involved in the regulation of neurodegeneration and aging. However, the genetic connection between Atg7 and Hsp27 is not known. The appearances of the fly eyes from the(More)
The survival of motor neurons is controlled by multiple factors that regulate different aspects of their physiology. The identification of these factors is important because of their relationship to motor neuron disease. We investigate here whether Mullerian Inhibiting Substance (MIS) is a motor neuron survival factor. We find that motor neurons from adult(More)
In 2006-2007, we collected human milk from 60 and 48 donors in the Chinese coastal cities of Tianjin and Yantai, respectively, in accordance with the WHO/UNEP global milk survey. We determined the concentrations of organochlorine pesticides by GC/MS/MS and dioxins by XDS-CALUX bioassay in the individual milk specimens. The geometric mean concentrations(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) superfamily, have been shown to play important roles in the nervous system, including neuronal survival and synaptogenesis. However, the physiological functions of BMP signaling in the mammalian neuromuscular system are not well understood. In this study, we found(More)
The regulation of motoneuron survival is only partially elucidated. We have sought new survival factors for motoneuron by analyzing which receptors they produce. We report here that the type II bone morphogenetic receptor (BMPRII) mRNA is one of the most abundant receptor mRNAs in laser microdissected motoneurons. Motoneurons were intensely stained by an(More)
The incidence and mortality rates of testicular and prostatic cancers in 42 countries were correlated with the dietary practices in these countries using the cancer rates (1988-92) provided by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and the food supply data (1961-90) provided by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Among the food(More)
Troglitazone (TRZ) is the first of a new group of oral antidiabetic drugs, the thiazolidinediones, and is proven to lower plasma glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the concern has been raised because of several reports, in which severe hepatic dysfunction leading to hepatic failure was demonstrated in a few patients receiving(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to estimate the up-to-date prevalence of overweight/obesity in the suburban area of Beijing, China, and its associations with hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS A cross-sectional survey in 19,003 suburban adults was carried out in Beijing, 2007. Overweight and obesity class 1, 2, and 3(More)