Learn More
Normal breathing is usually not sensed by the individual. Individuals become aware of their breathing at the cognitive level when breathing pattern is manipulated. Airway obstruction activates lung and muscle mechanoreceptors that project to the somatosensory cortex. Cortical neuronal activation in the somatosensory cortex by inspiratory occlusions can be(More)
The relationship between detection threshold of inspiratory resistive loads and the peaks of the respiratory-related evoked potential (RREP) is unknown. It was hypothesized that the short-latency and long-latency peaks of the RREP would only be elicited by inspiratory loads that exceeded the detection threshold. The detection threshold for inspiratory(More)
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate a neural respiratory gating system using a paired stimuli paradigm. The N1 peak of the respiratory-related evoked potential (RREP) represents early perceptual processing of respiratory sensory information. This is similar to the N100 peak shown with tactile sensation, where the second peak amplitude (S2) of the(More)
Joint laxity was measured clinically in 2,360 normal Chinese children aged 3-13 years with equal sex distribution using the Carter Wilkinson five tests and scoring system. Results showed minimal differences due to gender. The degree of joint laxity diminished with age. The knee extension and ankle extension tests were more sensitive than other tests.(More)
1. Activation of both anion and cation conductances was observed in primary cultured human epididymal cells during osmotic swelling under the patch-clamp whole-cell configuration. The swelling-induced anion conductance was 25.66 +/- 4.70 nS and the cation conductance was 7.35 +/- 1.40 nS. The permeability ratio of K+ to Cl- (PK/PCl) was calculated to be(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease frequently experience respiratory sensations, which are often perceived as unpleasant or threatening. However, the accurate perception of respiratory sensations is important for the management and treatment of these diseases. Emotions can substantially(More)
Respiratory perception can be altered by changes in emotional or psychological states. This may be due to affective (i.e., anxiety) modulation of respiratory sensory gating. Nicotine withdrawal induces elevated anxiety and decreased somatosensory gating. Respiratory sensory gating is evidenced by decreased amplitude of the respiratory-related evoked(More)
Bioelectrical properties and anion secretion in cultured epithelia from different regions of rat and human male excurrent ducts were studied by measuring the short-circuit currents (ISC). In all regions of the rat excurrent duct, Cl- secretion accounts for over 90% of the basal ISC, although the magnitude varied in different regions. Cl- secretion was found(More)
The goal of this study was to assess the importance of the 3 volar spaces in forearm compartment syndrome in a prospective manner. A cadaveric model was developed to correlate with our clinical experience. All but 1 of 21 volar compartments (superficial volar, deep volar, and pronator quadratus spaces) in 7 patients in our clinical series decompressed(More)
This study investigates the effect of experience of the interpreter on the ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify the presence and anatomic location of a triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) lesion. Fifty-one patients who underwent wrist arthroscopy with preoperative MRI studies were reviewed retrospectively. Two radiologists with(More)