Pei-Yang Liu

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OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to review incidence of stress fractures in military and athlete populations and identify factors explaining causes and differences in the incidence among genders. METHODS Searches were conducted using several major databases. The studies were included if they were original studies including both male and female(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance training (RT) and dried plum (DP) consumption on strength, body composition, blood markers of bone, and inflammation in breast cancer survivors (BCS). Twenty-three BCS (RT, n = 12; RT+DP, n = 11), aged 64 ± 7 years, were evaluated at baseline and after 6 months of intervention on the(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to investigate the relationships among lean mass (LM), fat mass (FM), and bone mineral density (BMD) in women stratified by body mass index (BMI) (BMI - normal-weight, overweight, obese) and to determine threshold at which body fat assumes negative relationship with BMD. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study in 471 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diminished physical performance can be detrimental among the older adults, causing falls and subsequent fractures, loss of independence, and increased morbidity and mortality rates. Therefore, it is important to maintain functional ability from the early onset of aging. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the recently developed body adiposity index (BAI) in Mexican American and African American women could be validated in postmenopausal American white women and to determine if it is a better obesity classification measure than body mass index (BMI) is in the latter population. METHODS Total body(More)
PURPOSE To examine relationships between changes in body weight, body composition, and fitness level in male students of the general population and those in the Army Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) program during the freshman year of college. METHODS Thirty-seven (18.4 ± 0.7 yr) healthy, nonsmoking, first-semester-resident male students were divided(More)
Our cross-sectional study investigated the relationships between regional bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition variables, including total body lean mass (LM) and fat mass (FM), as well as muscular strength in overweight and obese African-American (AA) women with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Forty-four women ranging in age from 39 to 61 years(More)
Osteoporosis and its associated fractures are common complications of aging and most strategies to prevent and/or treat bone loss focused on antiresorptive medications. However, aerobic exercise (AEX) and/or whole-body vibration (WBV) might have beneficial effect on bone mass and provide an alternative approach to increase or maintain bone mineral density(More)
PURPOSE To compare female runners with and without a history of stress fractures to determine possible predictors of such fractures. METHODS 27 female runners (age 18-40 yr) who had had at least 1 stress fracture were matched to a control sample of 32 female runners without a history of stress fractures. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured by(More)
PURPOSE The study's purpose was to evaluate the effects of walking (W) and walking plus resistance training (WRT) on cardiovascular disease risk factors in inactive middle-aged (49.0 ± 5.5 yr) African-American women (body mass index = 34.7 ± 6.4 kg·m(-2)). METHODS Body composition, blood pressure, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, glycosylated hemoglobin(More)