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To correctly analyze the effects of general anesthetics on their potential targets by large-scale molecular simulation, the structural parameters and partial atomic charges of the anesthetics are of determinant importance. Geometric optimizations using the Hartree–Fock and the B3LYP density functional theory methods with the large 6-311+G(2d,p) basis set(More)
ELIC, the pentameric ligand-gated ion channel from Erwinia chrysanthemi, is a prototype for Cys-loop receptors. Here we show that acetylcholine is a competitive antagonist for ELIC. We determine the acetylcholine-ELIC cocrystal structure to a 2.9-Å resolution and find that acetylcholine binding to an aromatic cage at the subunit interface induces a(More)
  • Jianjun Pan, Qiang Chen, +6 authors Pei Tang
  • 2012
Pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs) are targets of general anesthetics, but a structural understanding of anesthetic action on pLGICs remains elusive. GLIC, a prokaryotic pLGIC, can be inhibited by anesthetics, including ketamine. The ketamine concentration leading to half-maximal inhibition of GLIC (58 μM) is comparable to that on neuronal(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is an important therapeutic target for a wide range of pathophysiological conditions, for which rational drug designs often require receptor structures at atomic resolution. Recent proof-of-concept studies demonstrated a water-solubilization approach to structure determination of membrane proteins by NMR (Slovic(More)
The α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) has significant roles in nervous system function and disease. It is also a molecular target of general anesthetics. Anesthetics inhibit the α4β2 nAChR at clinically relevant concentrations, but their binding sites in α4β2 remain unclear. The recently determined NMR structures of the α4β2 nAChR transmembrane(More)
Structural rearrangements underlying functional transitions of pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs) are not fully understood. Using (19)F nuclear magnetic resonance and electron spin resonance spectroscopy, we found that ELIC, a pLGIC from Erwinia chrysanthemi, expanded the extracellular end and contracted the intracellular end of its pore during(More)
The mechanisms of allosteric action within pentameric ligand-gated ion channels (pLGICs) remain to be determined. Using crystallography, site-directed mutagenesis, and two-electrode voltage clamp measurements, we identified two functionally relevant sites in the extracellular (EC) domain of the bacterial pLGIC from Gloeobacter violaceus (GLIC). One site is(More)
  • Pei Tang, Yan Xu
  • 2002
Interactions of volatile anesthetics with the central nervous system are characterized by low yet specific binding affinities. Although neurotransmitter-gated ion channels are considered the primary anesthetic targets, the mechanism of action at the molecular level remains elusive. We consider here the theoretical implications of channel dynamics on(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are involved in fast synaptic transmission in the central and peripheral nervous system. Among the many different types of subunits in nAChRs, the beta2 subunit often combines with the alpha4 subunit to form alpha4beta2 pentameric channels, the most abundant subtype of nAChRs in the brain. Besides computational(More)
To characterize the binding sites of mecamylamine enantiomers on the transmembrane domain (TMD) of human (h) (α4)3(β2)2 and (α4)2(β2)3 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs), we used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), molecular docking, and radioligand binding approaches. The interactions of (S)-(+)- and (R)-(-)-mecamylamine with several residues,(More)