Pei-Kuen Wei

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BACKGROUND Understanding the endocytosis process of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is important for the drug delivery and photodynamic therapy applications. The endocytosis in living cells is usually studied by fluorescent microscopy. The fluorescent labeling suffers from photobleaching. Besides, quantitative estimation of the cellular uptake is not easy. In(More)
Type Ib diamonds emit bright fluorescence at 550-800 nm from nitrogen-vacancy point defects, (N-V)(0) and (N-V)(-), produced by high-energy ion beam irradiation and subsequent thermal annealing. The emission, together with noncytotoxicity and easiness of surface functionalization, makes nano-sized diamonds a promising fluorescent probe for single-particle(More)
Chip-based biosensor arrays for label-free and high-throughput detection were fabricated and tested. The sensor array was composed of a 150-nm-thick, 50-nm-gap, and 600-nm-period gold nanoslits. Each array size was 100 mumx100 mum. A transverse-magnetic polarized wave in these metallic nanostructures generated resonant surface plasmons at a wavelength of(More)
The reflection resonance spectrum of a subwavelength diffraction-grating-coupled waveguide is used to analyze biomolecular interactions in real time. By detecting this resonance wavelength shift, the optical waveguide biosensor provides the ability to identify the kinetics of the biomolecular interaction on an on-line basis without the need for extrinsic(More)
Nearly thirty years ago, Daoud and de Gennes derived the scaling predictions for the linear polymer chains trapped in a slit with dimension close to the Kuhn length; however, these predictions have yet to be compared with experiments. We have fabricated nanoslits with vertical dimension similar to the Kuhn length of ds-DNA (110nm) using standard(More)
The near-field intensity distribution perpendicular to the light-propagation direction was measured by photochemical processes on conjugated-polymer thin films. The shape of the distribution is elliptical, with the long axis along the direction of the incident polarization. The results are compared with calculations based on the realistic tapered probe(More)
The true anisotropic images taken with the polarization modulation near-field optical microscope are often influenced by the linear dichroism of the tapered fibre probe. In this paper, we develop a new method to separate the anisotropic image form probe's dichroism. Our calculations show that the near-field optical image is simply a vector sum of the(More)
A cost-effective, stable and ultrasensitive localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) sensor based on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) partially embedded in transparent substrate is presented. Partially embedded AuNPs were prepared by thermal annealing of gold thin films deposited on glass at a temperature close to the glass transition temperature of the(More)
Nanostructure-based sensors are capable of sensitive and label-free detection for biomedical applications. However, high-throughput and low-cost fabrication techniques are the main issues which should be addressed. In this study, chip-based nanostructures for intensity-sensitive detection were fabricated and tested using a thermal-annealing-assisted(More)
A simple surface plasmon resonance (SPR) ellipsometry equipped with a dove prism and micro-fluidic flow cell is adopted to investigate and study basic properties of biomolecular interaction. Using a dove prism greatly simplifies the optical alignment and the use of micro-fluidic cell helps reduce significantly the volume of the biological sample required in(More)