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The class 3 Semaphorins Sema3A and Sema3F are potent axonal repellents that cause repulsion by binding Neuropilin-1 and Neuropilin-2, respectively. Plexins are implicated as signaling coreceptors for the Neuropilins, but the identity of the Plexins that transduce Sema3A and Sema3F responses in vivo is uncertain. Here, we show that Plexin-A3 and -A4 are key(More)
Caveolin-1 was up-regulated in different drug-resistant cancer cell lines and was suggested to confer drug resistance by different mechanisms. However, the relation of caveolin-1 expression and the clinical response to chemotherapy and prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unknown. Total 73 NSCLC (stages IIIB and IV) patients who received(More)
OBJECTIVE Pompe disease is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder that is caused by deficient acid alpha-glucosidase activity and results in progressive, debilitating, and often life-threatening symptoms involving the musculoskeletal, respiratory, and cardiac systems. Recently, enzyme replacement therapy with alglucosidase alpha has become(More)
During development, the semaphorin family of guidance molecules is required for proper formation of the sympathetic nervous system. Plexins are receptors that mediate semaphorin signaling, but how plexins function during sympathetic development is not fully understood. Using phenotypic analyses of mutant mice in vivo, expression pattern studies, and in(More)
To examine the role of placenta growth factor (PlGF) in the pathogenesis of pulmonary emphysema, we generated PlGF-transgenic (TG) mice using a phosphoglycerate kinase promoter. This resulted in constitutive overexpression of PlGF. In these TG mice, pulmonary emphysema, with enlarged air spaces and enhanced pulmonary compliance, first appeared at 6 months(More)
OBJECTIVE Pompe disease causes progressive, debilitating, and often life-threatening musculoskeletal, respiratory, and cardiac symptoms. Favorable outcomes with early intravenous enzyme-replacement therapy and alglucosidase alfa have been reported, but early clinical diagnosis before the development of severe symptoms has rarely been possible in infants. (More)
Tumor cells often aberrantly reexpress molecules that mediate proper embryonic development for advantageous growth or survival. Here, we report that ankyrin repeat-rich membrane spanning (ARMS), a transmembrane protein abundant in the developing and adult neural tissues, is overexpressed in melanoma, a tumor ontogenetically originating from neural crest.(More)
Caveolin-1, a 21- to 24-kd integral membrane protein, is primarily implicated as a tumor suppressor gene. Transformed cells normally contain reduced or no caveolin-1. Re-expression of caveolin-1 is found in advanced human and mouse prostate adenocarcinomas. To explore its potential role in tumorigenesis and tumor progression of human lung cancers, we used(More)
Defects in neuronal connectivity of the brain are well documented among schizophrenia patients. Although the schizophrenia susceptibility gene Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) has been implicated in various neurodevelopmental processes, its role in regulating axonal connections remains elusive. Here, a heterologous DISC1 transgenic system in the(More)