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Astrocytes support neuronal antioxidant capacity by releasing glutathione, which is cleaved to cysteine in brain extracellular space. Free cysteine is then taken up by neurons through excitatory amino acid transporter 3 [EAAT3; also termed Slc1a1 (solute carrier family 1 member 1)] to support de novo glutathione synthesis. Activation of the nuclear factor(More)
Localization is a fundamental and essential issue for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). Existing localization algorithms can be categorized as either range-based or range-free schemes. Range-based schemes are not suitable for WSNs because of their irregularity of radio propagation and their cost of additional devices. In contrast, range-free schemes do not(More)
Oxidative stress has been implicated in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) and in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) animal model of PD. It is known that under conditions of oxidative stress, the transcription factor NF-E2-related factor (Nrf2) binds to antioxidant response element (ARE) to induce antioxidant and phase II(More)
Transcriptional activation of protective genes is mediated by a cis-acting element called the antioxidant responsive element (ARE). The transcription factor Nrf2 (NF-E2-related factor 2) binds to the ARE. Activation of this pathway protects cells from oxidative stress-induced cell death. Increased oxidative stress is associated with neuronal cell death(More)
Machine reading calls for programs that read and understand text, but most current work only attempts to extract facts from redundant web-scale corpora. In this paper , we focus on a new reading comprehension task that requires complex reasoning over a single document. The input is a paragraph describing a biological process , and the goal is to answer(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated the association between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the risk of major osteoporotic fracture in Taiwan. METHODS Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database for the period 2000-2007, we classified 43 874 patients aged 50 years or older with newly diagnosed CVD (coronary artery disease, heart failure, cerebrovascular(More)
Antrodia camphorata (A. camphorata) is well known in Taiwan as a traditional Chinese medicine. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of aqueous extract from A. camphorata mycelia to protect normal human erythrocytes against oxidative damage in vitro. Oxidative hemolysis and lipid/protein peroxidation of erythrocytes induced by the aqueous(More)
PURPOSE Schizophrenia and epilepsy may share a mutual susceptibility. This study examined the bidirectional relation between the two disorders. METHODS We used claims data obtained from the Taiwan National Health Insurance database to conduct retrospective cohort analyses. Analysis 1 compared 5,195 patients with incident schizophrenia diagnosed in(More)
The cyclin-dependent kinase Cdk5 and DARPP-32 (dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein of Mr 32 kDa)-dependent signaling have been implicated in the regulation of dopaminergic neurotransmission after chronic cocaine treatment. In this study, we examined if Cdk5 signaling participates in the behavioral and biochemical effect of acute and chronic(More)