Pei-Chun Chan

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Surveillance and control of tuberculous infection in pediatric patients, especially in those with a contact history, is important to prevent tuberculous infection in the general population. Totally 26 patients, younger than 14 years of age, who had a diagnosis of pulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB), underwent both chest radiographs and computed(More)
In order to evaluate the clinical manifestations, management and outcome of childhood lung abscess, a retrospective chart review of 27 pediatric patients with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision-Clinical Modification (ICD-9 CM) code of 503.1 (lung abscess) from August 1987 to August 2003 was conducted. Among the 27 patients (14 males(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the potential reservoir and mode of transmission of pandrug-resistant (PDR) Acinetobacter baumannii in a 7-day-old neonate who developed PDR A. baumannii bacteremia that was presumed to be the iceberg of a potential outbreak. DESIGN Outbreak investigation based on a program of prospective hospital-wide surveillance for nosocomial(More)
OBJECTIVES To address whether the effect of BCG vaccination against tuberculosis (TB) infection lasts to adulthood. METHODS A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of latent TB infection (LTBI) among HIV-negative men, using QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-tube (QFT-IT), was conducted at a prison in northern Taiwan with >3000 inmates. A QFT-IT ≥0.35 IU/ml was(More)
This population-based study aimed to determine the trend of incidence, prevalence, and mortality of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a 6-year period in Taiwan. Patients with international classification of diseases ninth revision (ICD-9) code 710.0 were retrieved from the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), which covered more(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia is an important cause of mortality among immunocompromised children. However, there has been little information concerning S. maltophilia bacteremia in the pediatric population. METHODS We reviewed the drug susceptibility of bloodstream isolates of S. maltophilia and medical charts of S.(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a newly discovered respiratory pathogen. This prospective hospital-based study investigated the clinical role and features of hMPV in Taiwan. METHODS Respiratory specimens collected from hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection between September 1, 2003 and April 10, 2005 were screened(More)
RATIONALE Contact investigation of persons exposed to tuberculosis (TB) is resource intensive. To date, no clinical prediction rule for TB risk exists for use as a guide during contact investigation. OBJECTIVES We sought to develop and validate a simple and easy-to-use predictive score for TB risk, using data routinely available during contact(More)
BACKGROUND In contrast to the conventional model of hospital-treated and government directly observed treatment (DOT) for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patient care, the Taiwan MDR-TB Consortium (TMTC) was launched in May 2007 with the collaboration of five medical care groups that have provided both care and DOT. This study aimed to determine(More)