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Sex pheromone communication, acting as a prezygotic barrier to mating, is believed to have contributed to the speciation of moths and butterflies in the order Lepidoptera. Five decades after the discovery of the first moth sex pheromone, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pheromone communication between closely(More)
BACKGROUND The European corn borer (ECB), Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner), exists as two separate sex pheromone races. ECB(Z) females produce a 97ratio3 blend of Z11- and E11-tetradecenyl acetate whereas ECB(E) females produce an opposite 1ratio99 ratio of the Z and E isomers. Males of each race respond specifically to their conspecific female's blend. A(More)
GTPases of the Rho family play important roles in human leukocyte signal transduction pathways; however, little is known about the function of these proteins in bovine cells. In the present studies, we isolated molecular clones of bovine Rac1, Rac2, and the Rac/Rho GTPase regulatory protein D4-GDP dissociation inhibitor (D4-GDI) from a bovine bone marrow(More)
The NCF2 gene encodes p67(phox), an essential component of the multi-protein NADPH oxidase enzyme in phagocytic leukocytes, as well as in certain non-phagocytic cells. In humans, the NCF2 gene is expressed as multiple NCF2 variants that differ in the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR). Previously, we reported the presence of four NCF2 5'-UTR mRNA variants(More)
Neutrophils play an essential role in the cellular defense of the bovine mammary gland and compromised leukocyte function has been linked to the development of bovine mastitis. During mastitis, large numbers of leukocytes migrate into the mammary tissues where they become activated, resulting in the assembly of neutrophil membrane and cytosolic proteins to(More)
The cytosolic NADPH oxidase cofactor p67(phox) has been shown to be one of the limiting factors in assembly and activation of this multi-protein enzyme complex and, therefore, must be highly regulated at the transcriptional level. In the present studies, we have further characterized the promoter for human p67(phox). Genomic sequence upstream of the(More)
The phagocyte reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase is a multiprotein enzyme that catalyzes the production of microbicidal oxidants. Although oxidase assembly involves association of several membrane and cytosolic oxidase proteins, one of the cytosolic cofactors, p67phox, appears to play a more prominent role in final activation of the(More)
The NADPH oxidase plays an important role in immune and nonimmune cell functions. Because rabbits represent an established model for studying a number of important disease processes that involve NADPH oxidase activity, we carried out studies to clone and sequence all five rabbit leukocyte NADPH oxidase genes. Comparison of the rabbit sequences with those of(More)
We characterized the dose response of bovine neutrophils to platelet-activating factor (PAF) with respect to the following functions: calcium flux and membrane potential changes, actin polymerization, degranulation, and the production and/or priming of the oxidative burst. PAF at very low concentrations (10(-10) and 10(-9) M) caused changes in intracellular(More)
The phagocyte reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase is a multi-protein enzyme that catalyzes the production of mi-crobicidal oxidants. Although oxidase assembly involves association of several membrane and cytosolic oxidase proteins, one of the cytosolic cofactors, p67 phox , appears to play a more prominent role in final activation of(More)