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Sex pheromone communication, acting as a prezygotic barrier to mating, is believed to have contributed to the speciation of moths and butterflies in the order Lepidoptera. Five decades after the discovery of the first moth sex pheromone, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pheromone communication between closely(More)
BACKGROUND The European corn borer (ECB), Ostrinia nubilalis (Hubner), exists as two separate sex pheromone races. ECB(Z) females produce a 97ratio3 blend of Z11- and E11-tetradecenyl acetate whereas ECB(E) females produce an opposite 1ratio99 ratio of the Z and E isomers. Males of each race respond specifically to their conspecific female's blend. A(More)
We characterized the dose response of bovine neutrophils to platelet-activating factor (PAF) with respect to the following functions: calcium flux and membrane potential changes, actin polymerization, degranulation, and the production and/or priming of the oxidative burst. PAF at very low concentrations (10(-10) and 10(-9) M) caused changes in intracellular(More)
The phagocyte reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase is a multi-protein enzyme that catalyzes the production of mi-crobicidal oxidants. Although oxidase assembly involves association of several membrane and cytosolic oxidase proteins, one of the cytosolic cofactors, p67 phox , appears to play a more prominent role in final activation of(More)
Neutrophils play an essential role in bovine cellular host defense, and compromised leukocyte function has been linked to the development of respiratory and mucosal infections. During the host defense process, neutrophils migrate into infected tissues where they become activated, resulting in the assembly of neutrophil membrane and cytosolic proteins to(More)
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