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The association between soyfood intake and breast cancer risk is controversial. Most of the epidemiologic studies published on this topic in the 1990s were not designed to specifically address this question. We conducted a population-based, case-control study of breast cancer among Chinese, Japanese and Filipino women in Los Angeles County to further(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the influence of hormone-related factors on the risk of invasive epithelial ovarian cancer (ovarian cancer). DESIGN Population-based case-control study using in-person interviews. SETTING Academic department of preventive medicine. PATIENT(S) Four hundred seventy-seven ovarian cancer patients and 660 controls. INTERVENTION(S)(More)
Objectives: Since the 1970s incidence rates for esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinomas have risen substantially, particularly among white males in the United States. Reasons for the increase of these tumor types are not well understood. We sought to determine the role of smoking, alcohol use, and body size characteristics in the etiology of(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER)-negative breast cancer shows a higher incidence in women of African ancestry compared to women of European ancestry. In search of common risk alleles for ER-negative breast cancer, we combined genome-wide association study (GWAS) data from women of African ancestry (1,004 ER-negative cases and 2,745 controls) and European ancestry(More)
Few data exist on the extent to which the differences in breast cancer risk between "racial-ethnic" groups in the United States (US) are "explained" by differences in their distribution of risk factors. We have determined this for African-American (AA), native Hawaiian (NH), Japanese-American (JA), Latina-US-born (L-US), Latina-non-US-born (L-NUS), and(More)
Aspergillosis is a life-threatening fungal infection in immunocompromised people, including people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We determined the incidence of aspergillosis among HIV-infected people and survival after aspergillosis diagnosis by use of a national HIV surveillance database. Among 35,252 HIV-infected patients, the(More)
In search of common risk alleles for prostate cancer that could contribute to high rates of the disease in men of African ancestry, we conducted a genome-wide association study, with 1,047,986 SNP markers examined in 3,425 African-Americans with prostate cancer (cases) and 3,290 African-American male controls. We followed up the most significant 17 new(More)
BACKGROUND It has been known for more than 20 years that estrogen replacement therapy substantially increases a woman's risk of developing endometrial cancer. To reduce this increased risk, progestins have been added to estrogen replacement therapy for between 5 and 15 days (usually 7 or 10 days) per "month" in a sequential fashion (sequential(More)
Epidemiological studies indicate that menopausal estrogen-progestin therapy (EPT) use is associated with an increase in breast cancer risk. Further data are needed on whether this association varies by specific prognostic factors and ethnicity. We conducted a cohort study among 55,371 African-American, Native Hawaiian, Japanese-American, Latina and White(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in diverse populations are needed to reveal variants that are more common and/or limited to defined populations. We conducted a GWAS of breast cancer in women of African ancestry, with genotyping of >1,000,000 SNPs in 3,153 African American cases and 2,831 controls, and replication testing of the top 66 associations in(More)