Peggy B. Smith

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The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether or not the family-planning compliance patterns of indigent adolescents could be influenced by various types of incentives. From February 1988 through January 1989, 534 postpartum inner city teenagers, aged 12-19, who delivered at a large city-county public hospital, participated. Teens were randomly(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess 1) knowledge of neural tube defect (NTD) prevention by folic acid, 2) frequency of intake of multivitamins and folate- and folic acid-fortified food, and 3) factors associated with knowledge and prevention practices among sexually active minority adolescent and young adult women. METHODS Young minority women were enrolled in a folic(More)
PURPOSE To assess perceived sexually transmitted disease (STD) (gonorrhea and chlamdydia) screening behaviors among young women at risk for STDs by evaluating readiness, pros and cons, and self-efficacy to seek STD screening in the absence of symptoms. METHODS Two hundred forty young urban women (mean 18.8 years +/-1.59) consecutively attending an urban(More)
BACKGROUND Adolescent and young adult minority women are at high risk for chlamydia (CT) and gonorrhea (NGC) cervical infections, which are significant causes of pelvic inflammatory disease, impaired fertility, ectopic pregnancy and chronic pain. The purpose of this article is to review among young women in the United States: (1) the epidemiology of CT and(More)
This study assessed the knowledge and usage patterns of vaginal douching in sexually active teenagers attending a family planning clinic. A questionnaire was administered consecutively to 94 black, 36 Hispanic, and 12 Anglo females ranging in age from 13 to 19 years. The survey showed that vaginal douching is a common practice, with almost two thirds(More)
An exploratory study identified correlates of consistent condom use for young women reporting Main-new or Main-old partners in the past 3 months: frequency of vaginal sex (across partner types); perceived likelihood of getting a STI (Main-new); age and STI history (Main-old). To enhance programmatic efficacy in community clinics, these key correlates of(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To identify young women's pros and cons (decisional balance) to seeking chlamydia (CT) and gonorrhea (NGC) screening. DESIGN Prospective, cross sectional study SETTING Community-based reproductive health clinic PARTICIPANTS 192 young women (66% African American; mean age 18.9 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Content analysis of(More)
The present study analyzed a group of 113 sexually active, indigent female adolescents attending a family planning clinic, for age, ethnic, or racial trends in the recovery of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma species, and Ureaplasma urealyticum. The overall recovery rate for N. gonorrhoeae was 8/112 (7.1%), with the highest rate(More)
Women are disproportionately affected by the sexually transmitted infections (STI) epidemic, with African-Americans and Latinos at significantly higher risk for STIs than Caucasians. Successful recruitment and retention strategies used with young minority women in community-based STI prevention or intervention research have not been previously reported.(More)