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The compound U0126 (1,4-diamino-2,3-dicyano-1, 4-bis[2-aminophenylthio]butadiene) was identified as an inhibitor of AP-1 transactivation in a cell-based reporter assay. U0126 was also shown to inhibit endogenous promoters containing AP-1 response elements but did not affect genes lacking an AP-1 response element in their promoters. These effects of U0126(More)
In search of antiinflammatory drugs with a new mechanism of action, U0126 was found to functionally antagonize AP-1 transcriptional activity via noncompetitive inhibition of the dual specificity kinase MEK with an IC50 of 0.07 microM for MEK 1 and 0.06 microM for MEK 2. U0126 can undergo isomerization and cyclization reactions to form a variety of products,(More)
We describe here the existence of a heregulin-HER3 autocrine loop, and the contribution of heregulin-dependent, HER2-mediated HER3 activation to gefitinib insensitivity in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ADAM17 protein, a major ErbB ligand sheddase, is upregulated in NSCLC and is required not only for heregulin-dependent HER3 signaling, but also for(More)
This report describes the characterization of INCB3344, a novel, potent and selective small molecule antagonist of the mouse CCR2 receptor. The lack of rodent cross-reactivity inherent in the small molecule CCR2 antagonists discovered to date has precluded pharmacological studies of antagonists of this receptor and its therapeutic relevance. In vitro,(More)
The histamine H₄ receptor mediates several histamine-induced cellular functions of leukocytes, including cell migration and cytokine production. Recent studies suggest that histamine signaling through the histamine H₄ receptor can also have anti-pruritic and anti-nociceptive functions. 1-(7-(2-amino-6-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl) pyrimidin-4-yl)-3,(More)
Constitutive JAK2 activation in hematopoietic cells by the JAK2V617F mutation recapitulates myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) phenotypes in mice, establishing JAK2 inhibition as a potential therapeutic strategy. Although most polycythemia vera patients carry the JAK2V617F mutation, half of those with essential thrombocythemia or primary myelofibrosis do(More)
Cancer immunotherapy has been predominantly focused on biologically based intervention strategies. However, recent advances in the understanding of tumour-host interactions at the molecular level have revealed targets that might be amenable to intervention with small-molecule inhibitors. In particular, key effectors of tumoral immune escape have been(More)
Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) has been shown to be necessary for NMDA receptor-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP). We studied the role of ERK in three forms of NMDA receptor-independent LTP: LTP induced by very high-frequency stimulation (200 Hz-LTP), LTP induced by the K(+) channel blocker tetraethylammonium (TEA) (TEA-LTP),(More)
The ErbB family of receptors is overexpressed in numerous human tumors. Overexpression correlates with poor prognosis and resistance to therapy. Use of ErbB-specific antibodies to the receptors (Herceptin or Erbitux) or ErbB-specific small-molecule inhibitors of the receptor tyrosine kinase activity (Iressa or Tarceva) has shown clinical efficacy in several(More)
The infertility phenotype of cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2)-deficient female mice establishes the important role of Cox-2 in pregnancy. Cox-2 deficiency results in defective ovulation, fertilization, implantation, and decidualization; the latter of which can be restored in part by the prostacyclin analog carbaprostacyclin. Uterine Cox-2 expression during early(More)