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Levelt's second proposition (1968) was tested by investigating the effect of increasing the stimulus strength on the ipsilateral mean dominance duration. In three experiments, three stimulus dimensions were investigated: luminance contrast, colour contrast, and motion velocity. We included an experiment similar to Levelt's own equipment, in which a reversed(More)
Preference reversals have usually been explained by weighted additive models, in which different tasks give rise to different importance weights for the stimulus attributes, resulting in contradictory trade-offs. This article presents a preference reversal of a more extreme nature. Let (10, 5 Migr) denote living 10 years with a migraine for 5 days per week.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of a multifaceted empowerment strategy on the actual use of single embryo transfer after in vitro fertilisation. DESIGN Randomised controlled trial. SETTING Five in vitro fertilisation clinics in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS 308 couples (women aged <40) on the waiting list for a first in vitro fertilisation cycle. (More)
In palliative cancer treatment, the choice between palliative chemotherapy and best supportive care may be difficult. In the decision-making process, giving information as well as patients' values and preferences become important issues. Patients, however, may have a treatment preference before they even meet their medical oncologist. An insight into the(More)
Utilities differ according to whether they are derived from risky (gamble) and riskless (visual analog scale, time-tradeoff) assessment methods. The discrepancies are usually explained by assuming that the utilities elicited by risky methods incorporate attitudes towards risk, whereas riskless utilities do not. In (cumulative) prospect theory, risk attitude(More)
In order to calculate quality adjusted life years (QALYs) from time trade-off (TTO) responses, individual preferences are required to satisfy the constant proportional time trade-off (CPTTO) assumption. Respondents who use a simple proportional heuristic may appear to satisfy CPTTO but will in fact generate preference reversals for states that are(More)
The time-tradeoff (TTO) test is widely used to measure quality of life for different health states. Subjects are asked to equate the value of living a given period in an inferior health state to the value of living a shorter period in good health. Applications of TTOs have been criticized based on the fact that the value of future life duration is taken as(More)
Complexity is proposed as an important psychological factor in search and segregation tasks. Displays were presented with target and nontarget areas that were each built up of one type of randomly rotated micropatterns. We manipulated experimentally (a) the complexity of the target elements, as measured by Garner's (1970) invariance criterion; (b) the(More)
Similarity data for large color differences, obtained with triadic comparisons, are presented. Approximately 63,000 judgments are collected. We have compared the performance of the CIELUV, the CIELAB, and the Optical Society of America's [symbol; see text] jg color spaces, using three different color sets and two instructions. For color sets containing(More)