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We investigated the potency and the selectivity profile of vardenafil on phosphodiesterase (PDEs) enzymes, its ability to modify cGMP metabolism and cause relaxation of penile smooth muscle and its effect on erections in vivo under conditions of exogenous nitric oxide (NO) stimulation. PDE isozymes were extracted and purified from human platelets (PDE5) or(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are self-renewable, multipotential cells capable of differentiating into the three major neural cell types, but the mechanisms which regulate their development are not fully understood. Both basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) promote the proliferation of NSCs. However, studies on the role of FGFs(More)
The supporting role of glial cells in maintaining neurons and in ion homeostasis has been studied in situ by perfusing the gliotoxin fluorocitrate (FC) through a microdialysis fiber in the CA1 area of urethane-anesthetized rats. Extracellular direct current potential, extracellular potassium concentration ([K+]o) and amino acid levels, extracellular pH(More)
We undertook a series of systematic studies to address the role of fibroblast growth factor/fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGF/FGFR) activity in tumor growth and angiogenesis. We expressed dominant-negative FGFR2 (FGFR2-DN) or FGFR1 (FGFR1-DN) in glioma C6 cells by using constitutive or tetracycline-regulated expression systems. Anchorage-dependent or(More)
Although it has been clearly established that basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) is a potent mitogen for chondrocytes in vitro, there is little evidence that it can stimulate this cell type in vivo. In an effort to address this problem, we examined the effect of an intraarticular administration of basic FGF. Alzet osmotic pumps delivering the mitogen to(More)
Acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are members of a family of proteins that are broad-spectrum mitogens, have diverse hormone-like activities, and function in tumorigenesis. FGF's ability to raise the concentration of intracellular calcium ion suggests that FGF could induce the synthesis of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) and(More)
Acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) share a wide range of diverse biological activities. To date, low levels of FGF have not been correlated with a pathophysiologic state. We report that blood vessels of spontaneously hypertensive rats are shown to be associated with a marked decrement in endothelial basic FGF content. This decrement(More)
The supportive role of glial cells on neuronal function and survival has been studied in anesthetized rats by using the selective gliotoxin fluorocitrate. Disabling glia operation reproduced many features of ischemic penumbra. An initial mild acidosis and increased interstitial potassium but not glutamate was followed after 3-4 h by repetitive spreading(More)
The possibility that exogenous recombinant human acidic fibroblast growth factor (rhaFGF) may have anticonvulsant properties was investigated in a model of temporal lobe epilepsy in awake rats. We found that after intraperitoneal injection of rhaFGF in kainic acid-treated rats, tonic-clonic convulsions and mortality were decreased by 74% and 77%,(More)
Increased incidence of impotence is associated with some selective serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors (SSRIs), but the pathophysiological mechanism is unknown. Paroxetine and citalopram are extensively used SSRIs, but only paroxetine has been shown to inhibit nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity. NO is a key mediator of penile erection. Thus, the aim of this(More)