Pedro Tavares

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Electron microscopy in combination with image processing is a powerful method for obtaining structural information on non-crystallized biological macromolecules at the 10-50 A resolution level. The processing of noisy microscopical images requires advanced data processing methodologies in which one must carefully avoid the introduction of any form of bias(More)
Denitrification, or dissimilative nitrate reduction, is an anaerobic process used by some bacteria for energy generation. This process is important in many aspects, but its environmental implications have been given particular relevance. Nitrate accumulation and release of nitrous oxide in the atmosphere due to excess use of fertilizers in agriculture are(More)
The virulent Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPP1 encapsidates its DNA by a headful mechanism. Analyzing phage missense mutants, which package less DNA than SPP1 wild-type but show no other affected properties, we have identified a gene whose product is involved in the sizing of phage DNA during maturation. Characterization of this gene and its product(More)
The procapsid of the Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPP1 is formed by the major capsid protein gp13, the scaffolding protein gp11, the portal protein gp6, and the accessory protein gp7. The protein stoichiometry suggests a T=7 symmetry for the SPP1 procapsid. Overexpression of SPP1 procapsid proteins in Escherichia coli leads to formation of biologically(More)
Superoxide reductases catalyze the monovalent reduction of superoxide anion to hydrogen peroxide. Spectroscopic evidence for the formation of a dinuclear cyano-bridged adduct after K(3)Fe(CN)(6) oxidation of the superoxide reductases neelaredoxin from Treponema pallidum and desulfoferrodoxin from Desulfovibrio vulgaris was reported. Oxidation with(More)
The transfer of the bacteriophage genome from the capsid into the host cell is a key step of the infectious process. In bacteriophage T5, DNA ejection can be triggered in vitro by simple binding of the phage to its purified Escherichia coli receptor FhuA. Using electrophoresis and cryo-electron microscopy, we measure the extent of DNA ejection as a function(More)
The virulent Bacillus subtilis bacteriophage SPP1 packages its DNA from a precursor concatemer by a headful mechanism. Following disruption of mature virions with chelating agents the chromosome end produced by the headful cut remains stably bound to the phage tail. Cleavage of this tail-chromosome complex with restriction endonucleases that recognize(More)
A new type of non-heme iron protein was purified to homogeneity from extracts of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (ATCC 27774) and Desulfovibrio vulgaris (strain Hildenborough). This protein is a monomer of 16-kDa containing two iron atoms per molecule. The visible spectrum has maxima at 495, 368, and 279 nm and the EPR spectrum of the native form shows(More)
The crystal structure of desulforedoxin from Desulfovibrio gigas, a new homo-dimeric (2 x 36 amino acids) non-heme iron protein, has been solved by the SIRAS method using the indium-substituted protein as the single derivative. The structure was refined to a crystallographic R-factor of 16.9% at 1.8 A resolution. Native desulforedoxin crystals were grown(More)
Desulfoferrodoxin, a non-heme iron protein, was purified previously from extracts of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans (ATCC 27774) (Moura, I., Tavares, P., Moura, J. J. G., Ravi, N., Huynh, B. H., Liu, M.-Y., and LeGall, J. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 21596-21602). The as-isolated protein displays a pink color (pink form) and contains two mononuclear iron sites(More)