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BACKGROUND Hypertension and fluid overload (FO) are well-recognized problems in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. While the prevalence of hypertension is well documented, little is known about the severity of FO in this population. METHODS A new bioimpedance spectroscopy device (BCM-Body Composition Monitor) was selected that allows(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphate binders are required to control serum phosphorus in dialysis patients. A phosphate binder combining calcium and magnesium offers an interesting therapeutic option. METHODS This controlled randomized, investigator-masked, multicentre trial investigated the effect of calcium acetate/magnesium carbonate (CaMg) on serum phosphorus levels(More)
BACKGROUND Different phosphate binders exert differing effects on bone mineral metabolism and levels of regulating hormones. The objective of this post hoc evaluation of the CALcium acetate MAGnesium carbonate (CALMAG) study was to compare the effects of calcium acetate/magnesium carbonate (CaMg) and a calcium-free phosphate binder, sevelamer-hydrochloride(More)
BACKGROUND The use of tunneled hemodialysis catheters as definitive vascular access is becoming increasingly more widespread, reaching 25% of all dialysis patients in some countries. The rate of infectious morbidity and mortality is much higher when catheters are used than when patients are dialyzed through grafts or native fistulas, and it is generally(More)
Due to the challenge of operating within an economically strained healthcare budget, Portuguese health authorities convened with dialysis providers and agreed on a framework to change from a fee-for-service reimbursement modality to a capitation payment system for hemodialysis. This article reviews the components of the agreed capitation package implemented(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation-induced brain injury (RBI) and low-perfusion brain syndromes are mediated by ischemia and hypometabolism and have limited treatment options. Ozone therapy as treatment in vascular diseases has been described, but the effects on brain tissue have not been well documented. CASE REPORT We describe a 75-year-old patient with vascular risk(More)
BACKGROUND Many reports note that the use of cool dialysate has a protective effect on blood pressure during hemodialysis (HD) treatments. However, formal clinical trials in which dialysate temperature is tailored to the body temperature of appropriately selected hypotension-prone patients are lacking. METHODS We investigated the effect of thermal control(More)
Hemodiafiltration (HDF) with 20-22 L of substitution fluid is increasingly recognized as associated with significant benefits regarding patient outcome. However, some doubt exists as to whether these high volumes can be achieved in routine clinical practice. A total of 4176 sessions with 366 patients on postdilution HDF were analyzed in this 1-month(More)