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Freeze-fracture electron microscopy reveals constant and widespread presence of membrane particles on the fracture faces of frozen myelin. In unfixed myelin frozen shortly after dissection the distribution of the particles is uniform. In glutaraldehyde-fixed and/or glycerol-impregnated myelin the particles frequently occupy a network interspersed with(More)
This paper demonstrates the translational movement along the plane of the human erythrocyte ghost of the membrane particles exposed by freeze-fracture. The membrane particles can be aggregated by incubation of the ghosts in media with a pH in the vicinity of 5 5 or 3 5. The particles are disaggregated in neutral and alkaline media (pH 9 5) and also at pH(More)
L. donovani promastigotes were subjected to heat treatment yielding an axenic amastigote stage which was long-term cultured at 37 degrees C. No differences were observed between the growth rates of axenic amastigotes and promastigotes. Flow cytometry-derived DNA histograms of axenic amastigotes and promastigotes were typical of exponentially growing cell(More)
Label-fracture and fracture-label membrane immunocytochemistry are used to analyze the surface distribution, dynamics and partition on fracture of CD3 and CD4 antigens of human T lymphocytes. Redistribution of the antigens, induced by treatment at 37 degrees C with specific monoclonal antibodies, results in patching and capping of the labeling as observed(More)
A complementary DNA for human bcl-2 was cloned into the replication competent avian retrovirus vector RCASBP, and the resulting virus was used to express human Bcl-2 protein at high levels in chicken embryo fibroblasts. The expression of Bcl-2 did not transform or significantly alter the longevity of the chicken embryo fibroblasts in the presence of normal(More)
We used fracture-label to establish ultrastructural localization of glycoproteins in cross-fractured nuclei of duodenal columnar and exocrine pancreatic cells. Mannose residues were detected in cell nuclei by labeling freeze-fractured tissues with concanavalin A-horseradish peroxidase X colloidal gold (Con A-HRP X CG) or direct concanavalin A X colloidal(More)
The freeze-etch technique was used to observe red blood cell ghosts labeled on both surfaces with covalently bound ferritin. Ferritin molecules were never observed on fracture faces, thus indicating that fracture does not show membrane-surface detail. Subliming away the surrounding ice did expose the ferritin on the membrane surface. These results were(More)