Pedro Paulo da Silva Soares

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OBJECTIVE Impaired parasympathetic modulation increases the risk for sudden death in patients with heart diseases. Therefore, cholinergic stimulation may have a potential protective role. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of pyridostigmine bromide, a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor, on heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), HR and BP(More)
INTRODUCTION Imbalance in autonomic cardiovascular function increases the risk for sudden death in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but the time course of the impact of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on autonomic function has been little studied. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of the CABG on the(More)
We evaluated vascular reactivity after a maximal exercise test in order to determine whether the effect of exercise on the circulation persists even after interruption of the exercise. Eleven healthy sedentary volunteers (six women, age 28 +/- 5 years) were evaluated before and after (10, 60, and 120 min) a maximal exercise test on a treadmill. Forearm(More)
To investigate whether the manipulation of brain excitability by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) modulates the heart rate variability (HRV), the effect of tDCS applied at rest on the left temporal lobe in athletes (AG) and non-athletes (NAG) was evaluated. The HRV parameters (natural logarithms of LF, HF, and LF/HF) was assessed in 20 healthy(More)
Baroreflex dysfunction, oxidative stress and inflammation, important hallmarks of hypertension, are attenuated by exercise training. In this study, we investigated the relationships and time-course changes of cardiovascular parameters, pro-inflammatory cytokines and pro-oxidant profiles within the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of the spontaneously(More)
PURPOSE To study the influence of inspiratory flow on the heart rate (HR) responses during the four-second exercise test (4sET) as a method to estimate cardiac vagal activity. METHODS Fifteen healthy subjects performed the 4sET under two experimental situations: a) with maximal individual inspiratory flow (MIF) and b) with a slow inspiratory flow adjusted(More)
We studied heart rate (HR) responses to vagal electrical stimulation (VES) and the expression of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) in the rat atria 1 day (SADa) and 20 days (SADc) after sinoaortic denervation (SAD). Arterial blood pressure (BP) was recorded in conscious, unrestrained rats and during vagal electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve.(More)
AIMS To investigate the influence of a family history of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on resting heart rate variability in the absence of concomitant metabolic disorders. METHODS We studied 55 first-degree relatives (FDRs) of subjects with T2DM and 36 control subjects without any known family history of diabetes. FDRs were recruited from a University(More)
This study aimed to evaluate if androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS) abuse may induce cardiac autonomic dysfunction in recreational trained subjects. Twenty-two men were volunteered for the study. The AAS group (n = 11) utilized AAS at mean dosage of 410 ± 78.6 mg/week. All of them were submitted to submaximal exercise testing using an Astrand-Rhyming(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of vagal tone on cardiac function and cardiovascular mortality is well established. Although the presence of an enhanced cardiac vagal tone (CVT) is frequently diagnosed using the 12-lead resting electrocardiogram (ECG) in daily practice, most of the proposed criteria have been determined on an empirical basis. Our objective was to(More)