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OBJECTIVE Impaired parasympathetic modulation increases the risk for sudden death in patients with heart diseases. Therefore, cholinergic stimulation may have a potential protective role. The aim of this study was to verify the effects of pyridostigmine bromide, a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor, on heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), HR and BP(More)
We evaluated vascular reactivity after a maximal exercise test in order to determine whether the effect of exercise on the circulation persists even after interruption of the exercise. Eleven healthy sedentary volunteers (six women, age 28 +/- 5 years) were evaluated before and after (10, 60, and 120 min) a maximal exercise test on a treadmill. Forearm(More)
INTRODUCTION Imbalance in autonomic cardiovascular function increases the risk for sudden death in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but the time course of the impact of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) on autonomic function has been little studied. Thus, the purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of the CABG on the(More)
This study aimed to evaluate if androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS) abuse may induce cardiac autonomic dysfunction in recreational trained subjects. Twenty-two men were volunteered for the study. The AAS group (n = 11) utilized AAS at mean dosage of 410 ± 78.6 mg/week. All of them were submitted to submaximal exercise testing using an Astrand-Rhyming(More)
Mental stress may induce myocardial ischemia and ventricular arrhythmia in patients with coronary artery disease, and cholinergic stimulation is a potential protective mechanism. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of pyridostigmine bromide (PYR), a reversible cholinesterase inhibitor, on the cardiac responses to a mental stress challenge.(More)
Baroreflex dysfunction, oxidative stress and inflammation, important hallmarks of hypertension, are attenuated by exercise training. In this study, we investigated the relationships and time-course changes of cardiovascular parameters, pro-inflammatory cytokines and pro-oxidant profiles within the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of the spontaneously(More)
We studied heart rate (HR) responses to vagal electrical stimulation (VES) and the expression of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) in the rat atria 1 day (SADa) and 20 days (SADc) after sinoaortic denervation (SAD). Arterial blood pressure (BP) was recorded in conscious, unrestrained rats and during vagal electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve.(More)
To investigate whether the manipulation of brain excitability by transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) modulates the heart rate variability (HRV), the effect of tDCS applied at rest on the left temporal lobe in athletes (AG) and non-athletes (NAG) was evaluated. The HRV parameters (natural logarithms of LF, HF, and LF/HF) was assessed in 20 healthy(More)
The study investigated the heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) before, during, and after stretching exercises performed by subjects with low flexibility levels. Ten men (age: 23 ± 2 years; weight: 82 ± 13 kg; height: 177 ± 5 cm; sit-and-reach: 23 ± 4 cm) had the HR and HRV assessed during 30 minutes at rest, during 3 stretching exercises for(More)
PURPOSE The main purpose of this study was to investigate parasympathetic reactivation of the heart [evaluated through heart rate recovery (HRR) and HR variability (HRV)] after maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) using three different exercise modalities. METHODS Twenty healthy men, aged 17 to 28 yr, performed three maximal CPETs (cycling,(More)