Pedro Paulo Martins de Oliveira

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BACKGROUND The inflammatory response has been implicated in the pathogenesis of left ventricular (LV) remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI). An anthraquinone compound with anti-inflammatory properties, diacerein inhibits the synthesis and activity of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor and interleukins 1 and 6. The purpose of(More)
After orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT), the allograft undergoes characteristic alterations in myocardial structure, including hypertrophy, increased ventricular stiffness, ischemia, and inflammation, all of which may decrease overall graft survival. Methods to quantify these phenotypes may clarify the pathophysiology of progressive graft dysfunction(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the quality of life in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization using the six-minute walk test. METHODS Prospective observational study with patients who undergoing CABG. The clinical variables, the sixminute walk test, and the SF-36 test were recorded. The patients were assessed at the preoperative time and at 2 months of(More)
OBJECTIVES The effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on neonatal hearts is not well understood. The current hypothesis is that EPO has protective effects against ischaemia-reperfusion when administered prior to ischaemia induction. METHODS Systolic and diastolic indices, as well as the Akt and extracellular-regulated kinase (Erk) signalling pathways, were(More)
INTRODUCTION Myocardial preservation during open heart surgeries and harvesting for transplant are of great importance. The heart at the end of procedure has to resume its functions as soon as possible. All cardioplegic solutions are based on potassium for induction of cardioplegic arrest. OBJECTIVE To assess a cardioplegic solution with no potassium(More)
AIMS Although an increase in the ventricular pacing threshold (VPT) has been observed after administration of transthoracic shock for ventricular defibrillation, few studies have evaluated the phenomenon with respect to the defibrillation waveform energy. Therefore, this study examined the VPT behaviour after transthoracic shock with a monophasic or(More)
The rotation of rollers in cardiopulmonary bypass pumps propels the blood through various devices to reach the patient. Very occlusive settings may squeeze red blood cells, whereas a nonocclusive setting may result in retrograde flow. Occlusion of roller pumps may be regulated either by measuring the drop rate or by dynamic calibration. This study evaluated(More)
INTRODUCTION Roller pumps are widely used in procedures involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) due to their ease of operation and maintenance, safety, and cost. Several studies in the literature have compared the use of roller pumps with centrifugal pumps, but the influence of the roller pump adjustment on hemolysis has been poorly explored. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Adhesions may increase the incidence of lethal complications of cardiac reoperations, which account for up to 20% of all open-heart surgeries. Herein, we describe the use of a polyvinyl alcohol membrane (PVAM) as a pericardial alternative and describe its performance during reoperation in a relevant animal model. METHODS The PVAM samples were(More)