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The objective of this study was to determine the effect of a monensin controlled-release capsule on the proportion of cows with subclinical ketosis (SK). During July to August 2001, 300 cows dried-off 50-70 days before expected parturition were randomly assigned to either a treatment (n = 150, oral capsule, 335 mg/d of monesin for 95 d) or control group (no(More)
The objectives of this study were as follows: 1) to evaluate the association among abnormal calving, parity, and season on the incidence of puerperal metritis (PM) and clinical endometritis (CE) during d 3 to 13 and 20 to 30 postpartum, respectively; 2) to describe the rectal temperature (RT) of cows with PM before diagnosis; and 3) to document associations(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the Ovsynch protocol with and without exogenous progesterone on pregnancy rate (PR) in cows in which estrous cycles were previously synchronized with 2 doses of PGF(2alpha) and that were not detected in estrus during the presynchronization period. The study was conducted in Chihuahua, Mexico (8,650(More)
Paratuberculosis is a chronic, infectious disease of ruminants that entails a serious concern for the cattle industry. One of the main issues relates to the efficiency of diagnosis of subclinically infected animals. The objective of this field study was to analyse the association among results of a serum enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), faecal(More)
The objective of this study was to determine risk factors for udder edema (case-control study) and to evaluate the association of udder edema in primiparous Holstein cows with their lactation performance (cohort study). Values for the first 10 test day for milk yield, fat, protein, and somatic cell counts (SCC) linear score as well as mature equivalent (ME)(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between milk urea nitrogen (MUN) and risk of nonpregnancy after first breeding in a commercial dairy herd in Florida. A total of 515 and 558 cows were classified as having high (17 to 25 mg/dl) or low MUN (6 to 16 mg/dl) within 30 d before first breeding; a total of 158 (30.6%) and 189 (33.8%) cows(More)
Bovine anaplasmosis (BA) is a hemoparasitic disease of great importance in cattle within the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Control programs for BA require accurate diagnostic assays but validation can be challenging because the true disease status of all animals is frequently not known with certainty. The objective of this study was to(More)
Paratuberculosis (Johne's disease) imposes a significant problem to the world dairy and beef industries and today is considered a potential zoonosis. The disease is caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis and is characterized by progressive weight loss and profuse diarrhoea. Susceptibility to infection is suspected to have a genetic component,(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of GnRH (100 microg i.m.) treatment 5 and 15 days after timed insemination (TAI) on pregnancy rate and pregnancy loss in lactating dairy cows subjected to synchronization of ovulation. The study included 831 lactating dairy cows subjected to a Presynch-Ovsynch protocol for first service. On the day of(More)