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Tissue softening accompanies the ripening of many fruit and initiates the processes of irreversible deterioration. Expansins are plant cell wall proteins proposed to disrupt hydrogen bonds within the cell wall polymer matrix. Expression of specific expansin genes has been observed in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) meristems, expanding tissues, and(More)
A putative carbohydrate binding module (CBM) from strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) expansin 2 (CBM-FaExp2) was cloned and the encoding protein was over-expressed in Escherichia coli and purified in order to evaluate its capacity to bind different cell wall polysaccharides “in vitro”. The protein CBM-FaExp2 bound to microcrystalline cellulose, xylan(More)
Strawberry is a non-climateric fleshy fruit, which softens quickly and has short post-harvest life. Ripening is associated with an increment of pectin solubility and a reduction of the content of hemicelluloses. In this work, we have cloned the full-length cDNA encoding a β-xylosidase (FaXyl1) from Fragaria×ananassa and we have characterized its expression(More)
Fleshy fruit soften during ripening mainly as a consequence of solubilization and depolymerization of cell wall components. We have performed a comparative study of the polysaccharide content of fruit cell walls during final steps of development and ripening of three strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) cultivars with different softening rates. The three(More)
Fruit softening is associated with cell wall disassembly mediated by the action of a complex set of enzymes and proteins. Expansins, a group of proteins with unknown enzymatic activity, are proposed to be involved in this process. In order to study the involvement of expansins in strawberry fruit softening we have analyzed the expression level of five(More)
Several cell wall enzymes are carbohydrate active enzymes that contain a putative Carbohydrate Binding Module (CBM) in their structures. The main function of these non-catalitic modules is to facilitate the interaction between the enzyme and its substrate. Expansins are non-hydrolytic proteins present in the cell wall, and their structure includes a CBM in(More)
Degradation of chlorophylls during senescence is a highly regulated process which requires the concerted action of several enzymes. Traditionally, it has been stated that the dismantling process of the chlorophyll molecule begins with a dephytilation step, followed by Mg(2+) removal and other breakdown reactions. Recently, new evidence suggests the(More)
BACKGROUND Strawberry is a soft fruit, considered as non-climacteric, being auxins the main hormones that regulate the ripening process. The role of ethylene in strawberry ripening is currently unclear and several studies have considered a revision of the possible role of this hormone. RESULTS Strawberry fruit were harvested at the white stage and treated(More)
The accumulation of anthocyanin pigments is one of the most important traits that turn strawberry fruit attractive to consumers. During ripening, strawberry fruit color development is associated to anthocyanin synthesis through the phenylpropanoid pathway. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) is a key enzyme in this pathway, having a determining role in(More)
Contemporary methods to assay gene expression depend on a stable set of reference transcripts for accurate quantitation. A lack of well-tested reference genes slows progress in characterizing gene expression in high-value specialty crops. In this study, a set of strawberry (Fragaria spp.) constitutively expressed reference genes has been identified by(More)