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OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine whether human neutrophils express an endothelial-type nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and to study the effect of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on its expression. BACKGROUND Several studies have demonstrated the presence of a constitutively expressed nitric oxide svnthase (NOS) in neutrophils.(More)
AIMS Paravalvular aortic regurgitation (AR) is common after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This study aimed to assess the prosthesis/aortic annulus discongruence by three-dimensional (3D) transoesophageal (TOE) planimetry of aortic annulus and its impact on the occurrence of significant AR after TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS We included 33(More)
Prosthesis deterioration rate, years after a previous surgical valve replacement, is rising. Usually, the standard management is reoperation, but for very high risk patients an alternative has arisen: the valve-in-valve approach. We present an 84-year-old Caucasian woman with a mitral bioprosthesis (Mosaic II, number 29) since 1994. Over the last few months(More)
AIMS Data regarding the effects of TAVI on LV after are scarce and conflicting results have been reported immediately after aortic valvuloplasty. This study aimed to determine the acute haemodynamic effects of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in left ventricle (LV) diastolic performance, immediately after aortic valvuloplasty and prosthesis(More)
BACKGROUND Two-dimensional (2D) wall motion-tracking echocardiography (WMT) is a useful method to measure myocardial strain, but it is very limited because acquisition and analysis are time consuming. Three-dimensional (3D) WMT is a new method that might improve diagnostic usefulness and reduce study times. The aims of this study were to compare results on(More)
This paper presents a methodology and a software package developed to quantify M-mode tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), defining a number of quantitative parameters drawn from velocity and gradient curves obtained after segmenting the myocardial wall into anatomical layers. The independent clinical predictive value of these parameters to detect motion(More)
Strain Rate (SR) Imaging is a recent imaging technique that provides information about regional myocardial deformation by measuring local compression and expansion rates. SR can be obtained by calculating the local in-plane velocity gradients along the ultrasound beam from Doppler Tissue velocity data. However, SR calculations are very dependent on the(More)
BACKGROUND Preliminary experimental data have shown a nonuniform distribution of myocardial velocities (MVs) across the myocardial wall in normal conditions. However, after ischemic damage to the myocardium, a different pattern of reduction in the myocardial layers has been reported. The aim of this study is to analyze the spatial distribution of MVs and(More)
BACKGROUND High blood pressure increases left ventricular (LV) after-load. Furthermore, LV response to that high blood pressure varies among different subjects. Nevertheless, myocardial deformation behavior in these different adaptative responses has not been analyzed until now. METHODS Prospective study in which 66 consecutive hypertensive patients were(More)