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In two experiments, participants performed a magnitude comparison task in single and dual-task conditions. In the dual conditions, the comparison task was accomplished while phonological or visuospatial information had to be maintained for a later recall test. The results showed that the requirement of maintaining visuospatial information produced the lack(More)
This study aimed to explore non-verbal executive processes in simultaneous interpreters. Simultaneous interpreters, bilinguals without any training in simultaneous interpreting, and control monolinguals performed the Wisconsin card sorting task (WCST; Experiment 1) and the Simon task (Experiment 2). Performance on WCST was thought to index cognitive(More)
Two experiments were conducted measuring self-paced reading to study language access and language selection in professional translators and bilinguals when they understood sentences randomly presented in their first language (L1, Spanish) and second language (L2, English). These sentences contained a critical cognate word or a control matched word. The(More)
In recent decades several authors have suggested that bilinguals exhibit enhanced cognitive control as compared to monolinguals and some proposals suggest that this main difference between monolinguals and bilinguals is related to bilinguals' enhanced capacity of inhibiting irrelevant information. This has led to the proposal of the so-called bilingual(More)
This study examines the time course of inhibitory processes in Spanish-English bilinguals, using the procedure described in Macizo, Bajo, and Martín. Bilingual participants were required to decide whether pairs of English words were related. Critical word pairs contained a word that shared the same orthography across languages but differed in meaning(More)
In this study we evaluated whether the reverse compatibility effect observed when participants compare two-digit Spanish number words might be modulated as a function of the percentage of filler trials (within-decade comparisons). The participants performed a comparison task with two-digit Spanish number words while the unit-decade compatibility in between(More)
How do interpreters manage to cope with the adverse effects of concurrent articulation while trying to comprehend the message in the source language? In Experiments 1–3, we explored three possible working memory (WM) functions that may underlie the ability to simultaneously comprehend and produce in the interpreters: WM storage capacity, coordination and(More)
We examined the role of numerical format in the activation and selection of arithmetic facts. We also explored the inhibitory nature of this mechanism. To this end, in two experiments we manipulated the format of the operations (digit format and word format) while participants decided whether simple additions were correct or not. In Experiment 1, when an(More)
In two experiments we evaluated the coactivation of arithmetic facts and the possible inhibitory mechanism used to select the correct one. To this end, we introduced an adapted version of the negative priming paradigm in which participants received additions and they decided whether they were correct or not. When the addition was incorrect but the result(More)
We evaluated the possible inhibitory mechanism responsible for selecting arithmetic facts in children from 8 or 9 years to 12 or 13 years of age. To this end, we used an adapted version of the negative priming paradigm (NP paradigm) in which children received additions and they decided whether they were correct or not. When an addition was incorrect but the(More)