Pedro J. Moreno

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A probabilistic formulation for semantic image annotation and retrieval is proposed. Annotation and retrieval are posed as classification problems where each class is defined as the group of database images labeled with a common semantic label. It is shown that, by establishing this one-to-one correspondence between semantic labels and semantic classes, a(More)
The accuracy of speech recognition systems degrades severely when the systems are operated in adverse acoustical environments. In recent years many approaches have been developed to address the problem of robust speech recognition, using feature-normalization algorithms, microphone arrays, representations based on human hearing, and other approaches.(More)
In this paper we introduce a new analytical approach to environment compensation for speech recognition. Previous attempts at solving analytically the problem of noisy speech recognition have either used an overly-simplified mathematical description of the effects of noise on the statistics of speech or they have relied on the availability of large(More)
Over the last years significant efforts have been made to develop kernels that can be applied to sequence data such as DNA, text, speech, video and images. The Fisher Kernel and similar variants have been suggested as good ways to combine an underlying generative model in the feature space and discriminant classifiers such as SVM’s. In this paper we suggest(More)
Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) (genus Closterovirus, family Closteroviridae) is the causal agent of devastating epidemics that changed the course of the citrus industry. Adapted to replicate in phloem cells of a few species within the family Rutaceae and to transmission by a few aphid species, CTV and citrus probably coevolved for centuries at the site of(More)
We examined the population structure and genetic variation of four genomic regions within and between 30 Citrus tristeza virus (CTV) isolates from Spain and California. Our analyses showed that most isolates contained a population of sequence variants, with one being predominant. Four isolates showed two major sequence variants in some genomic regions. The(More)
In this paper we address the problem of aligning very long (often more than one hour) audio files to their corresponding textual transcripts in an effective manner. We present an efficient recursive technique to solve this problem that works well even on noisy speech signals. The key idea of this algorithm is to turn the forced alignment problem into a(More)
The genome of the Spanish mild isolate T385 of citrus tristeza virus (CTV) was completely sequenced and compared with the genomes of the severe isolates T36 (Florida), VT (Israel) and SY568 (California). The genome of T385 was 19,259 nt in length, 37 nt shorter than the genome of T36, and 33 and 10 nt longer than those of VT and SY568, respectively, but(More)