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Contributors: HTOD and TGR designed the study; C-LH collected the data and did the analysis; HTOD led on writing the paper, with substantial contributions from TGR and C-LH. HTOD acts as guarantor. Funding: Nuffield Trust, London, and the Commonwealth Fund, New York. The guarantor accepts full responsibility for the conduct of the study, had access to the(More)
BACKGROUND Patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease exhibit more activity in the conventional electroencephalographic delta and theta bands. This activity concurs with atrophy and reduced metabolic and perfusion rates, particularly in temporoparietal structures. METHODS Whole-head magnetoencephalographic recordings were obtained from 15 patients(More)
Chilling is a common abiotic stress that leads to economic losses in agriculture. By comparing the transcriptome of Arabidopsis under normal (22 degrees C) and chilling (13 degrees C) conditions, we have surveyed the molecular responses of a chilling-resistant plant to acclimate to a moderate reduction in temperature. The mRNA accumulation of approximately(More)
Fuzzy measures are a generalization of probability measures for which additivity is removed and monotonicity is imposed instead. These measures have become a powerful tool in Decision Theory (see e.g. 12, the work of Schmeidler 21 and 3); moreover, the Choquet Expected Utility model generalizes the Expected Utility one, and this model offers a simple(More)
The combination of artemether (ARM) and lumefantrine is currently the first-line treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in mainland Tanzania. While the exposure to lumefantrine has been associated with the probability of adequate clinical and parasitological cure, increasing exposure to artemether and the active metabolite dihydroartemisinin (DHA)(More)
Patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, not all such patients develop this kind of dementia. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess whether regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) patterns measured with technetium-99m ethyl cysteinate dimer single-photon emission(More)
In this paper we deal with the problem of axiomatizing the preference relations modelled through Choquet integral with respect to a k-additive capacity, i.e. whose Möbius transform vanishes for subsets of more than k elements. Thus, k-additive capacities range from probability measures (k = 1) to general capacities (k = n). The axiomatization is done in(More)
Decreased thickness of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) may reflect retinal neuronal-ganglion cell death. A decrease in the RNFL has been demonstrated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) in addition to aging by optical coherence tomography (OCT). Twenty-three mild-AD patients and 28 age-matched control subjects with mean Mini-Mental State Examination 23.3 and(More)