Pedro Garcia Garcia

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BACKGROUND Prosthetic repair has become the standard method for inguinal hernia and has excellent results. The question remains of whether the mesh technique could also improve results for umbilical defects. METHODS The study was a randomized clinical trial comparing herniorrhaphy (primary suture) with hernioplasty (polypropylene mesh or plug) in 200(More)
The fatty acid composition of 67 commercial presentations of table olives was determined. The most abundant fatty acids, in decreasing order of presence, were C18:1, C16:0, C18:2 n-6, and C18:0. The ranges, expressed as grams of fatty acids per 100 g of edible portion, for the different nutritional fractions were as follows: saturated fatty acids,(More)
The changes that take place during the shelf life of "seasoned" olives (packing conditions: 4% NaCl, 0.1%citric acid, and 0.0175% sorbate) using fresh (FF) and stored (SF) cracked fruits were studied. Texture, L, b, NaCl, and pH experienced slight changes. Values of a and titratable and combined acidity increased following a first-order kinetic with higher(More)
The individual evolution of phenolic compounds has been studied during the natural fermentation of black olives for the first time. Cyanidin 3-rutinoside and cyanidin 3-glucoside were the main anthocyanins identified in fresh olives, and they were not detected after 1 month of storage either in brine or in olive. The fruit colors were different when aerobic(More)
The bitter taste of olives is mainly caused by the phenolic compound named oleuropein and the mechanism of its hydrolysis during the processing of natural green olives was studied. First, a rapid chemical hydrolysis of oleuropein takes place at a high temperature of 40°C and at a low pH value of 2.8, but the chemical hydrolysis of the bitter compound is(More)
There is increasing interest in olive polyphenols because of their biological properties as well as their contribution to the color, taste, and shelf life of olive products. However, some of these compounds remain unidentified. It has been shown that hydroxytyrosol 4-beta-D-glucoside (4-beta-D-glucosyl-3-hydroxyphenylethanol) coeluted with hydroxytyrosol(More)
Polyphenols were determined by HPLC in the juice and oil of packed table olives. The phenolic compositions of the two phases were very different, hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol being the main polyphenols in olive juice and tyrosol acetate, hydroxtyrosol acetate, hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol, and lignans (1-acetoxypinoresinol and pinoresinol) in oil. The type of(More)
There is no generally accepted method for determination of the amounts of iron and manganese in table olives. Application of flame atomic absorption spectrometry to the analysis of both elements has been examined to validate a method that may be used by the industry's quality control laboratory as well as by the laboratories of regulatory agencies. The(More)
The effects of temperature and the debittering process on amine formation and other chemical changes related to "zapatera" spoilage of fermented green table olives during storage, without any chemical correction, were studied. Unwashed olive brines were more concentrated in all analyzed compounds, except NaCl. No changes in formic, acetic, and succinic(More)