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Partial or total replacement of fish meal by a mixture of plant protein (PP) sources (corn gluten, wheat gluten, extruded peas, rapeseed meal and sweet white lupin) balanced with indispensable amino acids was examined in juvenile gilthead sea bream over the course of a 6-month growth trial. A diet with fish meal (FM) as the sole protein source was compared(More)
We examined the effects of diet composition and fasting on lipolysis of freshly isolated adipocytes from gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata). We also analyzed the effects of insulin, glucagon, and growth hormone (GH) in adipocytes isolated from fish fed with different diets. Basal lipolysis, measured as glycerol release, increased proportionally with cell(More)
Zebrafish is one of the most used vertebrate model organisms in molecular and developmental biology, recently gaining popularity also in medical research. However, very little work has been done to assess zebrafish as a model species in nutritional studies in aquaculture in order to utilize the methodological toolbox that this species represents. As a(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) was cloned and sequenced using a RT-PCR approach completed by 3' and 5'RACE assays. The nucleotide sequence covered 1669 bp with an open reading frame of 525 amino acids, including a putative signal peptide of 23 amino acids long. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed a high(More)
The activity of the somatotropic axis was analysed in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed either a fishmeal-based diet (FM) or graded levels of plant proteins to replace 50% (PP50 diet), 75% (PP75 diet) or 100% (PP100 diet) of the fishmeal protein. For this purpose, partial cloning and sequencing of the gene encoding rainbow trout growth(More)
The role of somatolactin (SL) in the regulation of energy homeostasis in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) has been analysed. First, a down-regulation of plasma SL levels in response to gross shifts in dietary amino acid profile and the graded replacement of fish meal by plant protein sources (50%, 75% and 100%) has been observed. Thus, the impaired growth(More)
The effects of dietary inclusions of size-fractionated peptides and free amino acids (FAAs) on Peptide Transporter 1 (PepT1) mRNA levels were assessed along the length of the intestine of juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua). Five groups of fish (10-15g) were fed for 46days on diets containing approximately 42% protein, provided either as fish meal (FM,(More)
The aim of the present work was to investigate the neuroendocrine control of pituitary somatolactin (SL) release using dispersed pituitary cell culture obtained from male European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) at different stages of sexual development. The effect of mouse recombinant leptin, sea bream gonadotropin releasing-hormone (sbGnRH) and porcine(More)
Lysine (Lys) is an indispensable amino acid (AA) and is generally the first limiting AA in most vegetable proteins used in fish feeds. Lys availability may thus limit protein synthesis and accretion, and growth of fish. Metabolic effects of dietary Lys imbalance were examined by 2D-proteomics using zebrafish as model. The Control diet (Lys: 2.47 g kg(-1))(More)
The effects of dietary level of methionine were investigated in juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fed five plant-based diets containing increasing content of crystalline methionine (Met), in a six week growth trial. Changes in the hepatic expression of genes related to i) the somatotropic axis: including the growth hormone receptor I (GHR-I),(More)