Pedro E. A. da Silva

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BACKGROUND Both intrinsic and acquired multidrug resistance play an important role in the insurgence of tuberculosis. Detailed knowledge of the molecular basis of drug recognition and transport by multidrug transport systems is required for the development of new antibiotics that are not extruded or of inhibitors that block the multidrug transporter and(More)
Visceral toxocariasis is a serious public health problem with a cosmopolitan distribution. Children are susceptible due to their immature immune system and high risks of infection. Nevertheless, the few completed studies about immunosuppression have had controversial results. To evaluate the effect of two immunosuppressive drugs on the larval burden of(More)
This paper reports the susceptibility profile to rifabutin (RFB) 1 and six recently synthesized RFB analogs 3-8, of either rifampicin (RFP) susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis and resistant clinical isolates from two sources: Mexico and Brazil. Taking into account that about 95% of M. tuberculosis strains resistant to RFP present mutations in the rpoB(More)
This research evaluated the utilization of a urease in-house test, culture and molecular method (ureA PCR) as a diagnostic tool for Helicobacter pylori infection. Furthermore, we assessed the presence of the cagA gene in the specimens and in isolated strains that were positive for ureA by PCR positive. Sensitivity and specificity, respectively, were 100 and(More)
Three crude extracts of Aplysina caissara, a marine sponge endemic to Brazil, were tested against a hepatoma cell line and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The results demonstrate that all extracts are toxic and capable of inhibiting cellular growth. Additionally, the extracts produced morphological aberrations and inhibited cell attachment to culture(More)
SETTING Tuberculosis (TB) in prisons is a challenge for the public health system. Active and passive case screening are important tools for TB case detection. OBJECTIVE To characterise TB in a southern Brazil prison in terms of epidemiological variables, diagnostic approaches and clinical isolate genotypes. DESIGN Inmates of a southern Brazilian prison(More)
Lantana trifolia L. and L. fucata Lindl. are two Brazilian species used in folk medicine for the treatment of respiratory disorders. The composition of the essential oils from the leaves was investigated, as well as their in vitro activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. L. trifolia yielded an oil (0.2%) rich in sesquiterpenes. The major substances(More)
Drug resistant tuberculosis continues to increase and new approaches for its treatment are necessary. The identification of M. tuberculosis clinical isolates presenting efflux as part of their resistant phenotype has a major impact in tuberculosis treatment. In this work, we used a checkerboard procedure combined with the tetrazolium microplate-based assay(More)
The aim of this work was to develop and characterize nanoparticles as carriers of lapazine, a phenazine derived from β-lapachone; its antimycobacterial activity is described for the first time as a potential treatment for tuberculosis. The lapazine was synthesized, and by using gas chromatography coupled to a flame ionization detector, it was possible to(More)
Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) remains an important economic and zoonotic problem in Latin America. Traditionally, the fight against BTB is initiated by the implementation of routine diagnostic tests for certification of free properties. The diagnosis of BTB can be made by direct and indirect methods, in which we can mention clinical, post mortem,(More)