Learn More
BACKGROUND AND AIM Losartan is metabolized by polymorphic CYP2C9 to E-3174. Our aim was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of losartan and E-3174 in relation to the CYP2C9 genotype. METHODS A 50-mg oral dose of losartan was given to 22 Swedish volunteers with different CYP2C9 genotypes. Losartan and E-3174 were analyzed by HPLC in plasma and urine samples(More)
Sixteen hospitalized white European Spanish psychiatric patients treated with thioridazine alone were studied with respect to CYP2D6 genotype, debrisoquine metabolic ratio (MR), and the plasma levels of thioridazine and its metabolites mesoridazine and sulforidazine. After decreasing the dose of thioridazine the debrisoquine MR and thioridazine plasma(More)
In the present study, we aimed to analyze the potential relevance of the polymorphism in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter (SERT or 5-HTT) gene (5-HTTLPR) and the risk of suffering major depression (MDD) in a population of patients previously genotyped for CYP2C9. Seventy white European psychiatric outpatients suffering from MDD and a group(More)
OBJECTIVE This study analyzed the frequency of CYP2C9 variant alleles and evaluated the impact of CYP2C9 genotype on diclofenac metabolism in a Spanish population. METHODS Diclofenac hydroxylation capacity was studied in a population of 102 healthy volunteers. After a single oral dose of 50 mg diclofenac the 0- to 8-h urinary concentrations of diclofenac(More)
Earlier we had found that the CYP2C9*2 allelic frequency was lower in Mexican-Americans living in California than in Spaniards (SP). This was assumed to be related to the low CYP2C9*2 and *3 allele frequencies in Orientals. This study was therefore aimed at analyzing whether there were also differences in CYP2C9 allele frequencies between Mexican-Tepehuanos(More)
Interethnic differences in cytochrome P450 polymorphism might be responsible, at least in part, for the variations in drug disposition between ethnic groups. Of the various CYP2C9 alleles, CYP2C9*2 and CYP2C9*3 have been reported to have altered catalytic activities compared to the wild-type CYP2C9*1. The present study is aimed at analysing the CYP2C9(More)
AIM To describe for the first time CYP2C9 hydroxylation phenotype with CYP2C9 genotypes in a Hispanic (Ecuadorian) population using losartan; and the relevance of gender, tobacco, ethanol and caffeine consumption on the enzyme hydroxylation capacity. METHODS Ecuadorian healthy volunteers (n = 194) received a single oral dose of 25 mg losartan. Losartan(More)
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A4 (UGT1A4) is a phase II drug-metabolizing enzyme that catalyzes the glucuronidation of many clinically-important drugs. Interethnic differences in the genetic polymorphism of UGT1A4 have been reported; however, there is no information in Mexican Mestizos (MMs) and Spaniards (SPs). Furthermore, MM is an admixed population with(More)
Patients treated with antiepileptic drugs can exhibit large interindividual variability in clinical efficacy or adverse effects. This could be partially due to genetic variants in genes coding for proteins that function as drug metabolizing enzymes, drug transporters or drug targets. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the current(More)
AIM Among people who die by suicide, an increased frequency of CYP2D6 active gene multiplication has been described. Therefore, the present study analyzed the relationship between the severity of the suicidal intent and CYP2D6 number of active genes among survivors. MATERIALS & METHODS A group of 342 individuals were evaluated with Beck Suicide Intent(More)