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Epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulates both DNA and RNA synthesis in contact-inhibited human fibroblasts. Stimulation of DNA synthesis is observed at concentrations as low as 3 pM, is half-maximal at 70 pM, and is maximal at 300 pM EGF. The action of EGF is similar to that of fetal-calf serum, but is distinguished by the time-course of stimulation and by(More)
Incubation of 48,000 X g rat brain supernatants for 30 min at 37 degrees with 1-2 mM guanylyl 5'-methylenediphosphonate [Gmp(CH2)pp] results in polymerization of 95-98% of the tubulin present. This is considerably more than the 50% polymerization that can be achieved with the natural nucleotide, GTP, under optimal conditions. Gmp(CH2)pp is also much more(More)
Insulin stimulates the activity of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) via its upstream activator, MAPK kinase (MEK), a dual specificity kinase that phosphorylates MAPK on threonine and tyrosine. The potential role of MAPK activation in insulin action was investigated with the specific MEK inhibitor PD98059. Insulin stimulation of MAPK activity in(More)
The purification of proteins by conventional procedures is frequently laborious and incomplete, and the yields are often low. Enzyme isolation based on a highly specific biological property-strong reversible association with specific substrates or inhibitors-has received only limited attention.'-' In affinity chromatography, the enzyme to be purified is(More)
The simultaneous addition of [D-Ala2, D-Leu5]-enkephalin and morphiceptin at concentrations at which 98% of enkephalin (delta) and morphine (mu) receptors are occupied only partially inhibits the binding of [3H]diprenorphine to rat brain membranes. These conditions, furthermore, do not affect the curves for displacement of [3H]diprenorphine binding by(More)
The synthetic peptide NH2-Tyr-Pro-Phe-Pro-CONH2 (morphiceptin), which is the amide of a fragment of the milk protein beta-casein, has morphinelike activities and is highly specific for morphine (mu) receptors but not for enkephalin (delta) receptors. It is as active as morphine in the guinea pig ileum but much less active in the mouse and rat vas deferens.(More)