Pedro Brito Cabral

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We studied 21 patients, from 18 families, with L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria (L-2-HGA), a rare neurometabolic disorder with a homogeneous presentation: progressive neurodegeneration with extrapyramidal and cerebellar signs, seizures, and subcortical leukoencephalopathy. Increased levels of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in body fluids proved the diagnosis of(More)
The neuronal ceroid-lipofuscinoses are the most common neurodegenerative disorders in childhood characterized by progressive blindness, epilepsy, brain atrophy, and premature death. Based on the age at onset, disease progression and ultrastructural features three classical (infantile, late-infantile, and juvenile) and three variant late-infantile forms are(More)
BACKGROUND Rett disorder (RD) is a progressive neurodevelopmental entity caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene. It has been postulated that there are alterations in the levels of certain neurotransmitters and folate in the pathogenesis of this disease. Here we re-evaluated this hypothesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS We evaluated CSF folate, biogenic amines and(More)
BACKGROUND Hand stereotypies are considered a hallmark of Rett syndrome (RTT) and are usually described as symmetric movements at the midline. However, related pathologies may show the same type of involuntary movement. Furthermore, patients with RTT also have stereotypies with other localizations that are less well characterized. METHODS We analyzed(More)
Rett syndrome (RS) is one of the best human models to study movement disorders. Patients evolve from a hyperkinetic to a hypokinetic state, and a large series of abnormal movements may be observed along their lives such as stereotypies, tremor, chorea, myoclonus, ataxia, dystonia, and rigidity. The aim of this work was to analyze movement disorders in RS(More)
Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome (SWS) is an autosomal recessively inherited disorder that is usually associated with high mortality in the neonatal period. Eleven cases have been published with prolonged survival, the oldest being 16 years. This phenotype is characterized by progressive skeletal anomalies including short stature, severe spinal deformities, bowing(More)
Out of 90 Portuguese patients with mitochondrial cytopathy, six harbored the A3243G mutation in the mtDNA tRNA(Leu(UUR)) gene ('MELAS mutation'). They had heterogeneous clinical features, including myopathy with stroke-like episodes, progressive external ophthalmoparesis, diabetes mellitus, and subacute encephalopathy. Histochemical and biochemical analyses(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of Rett syndrome (RTT) is based on a set of clinical criteria, irrespective of mutation status. The aims of this study were (1) to define the clinical differences existing between patients with Rett syndrome with (Group I) and without a MECP2 mutation (Group II), and (2) to characterize the phenotypes associated with the more common(More)
OBJECTIVE Localizing epileptic foci in posterior brain epilepsy remains a difficult exercise in surgery for epilepsy evaluation. Neither clinical manifestations, neurological, EEG nor neuropsychological evaluations provide strong information about the area of onset, and fast spread of paroxysms often produces mixed features of occipital, temporal and(More)
We report a case of a mesenchymal hamartoma of the liver in a two-year-old boy. He presented to the emergency room with abdominal distention and vomiting. Abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography were performed and revealed a large, intra-peritoneal lesion, with thick wall, multiple cysts of variable size and solid septa. The lesion was surgically(More)