Pedro Bertemes-Filho

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The use of an amplitude/phase retrieval algorithm in electrical bioimpedance spectroscopy (EIS) that allows a new technique to reconstruct the impedance spectrum in the frequency-domain is reported. To the authors’ knowledge this is the first time the proposed algorithm has been used to calculate the modulus or phase of a bioimpedance in EIS from one of(More)
Multi-frequency electrical impedance tomography (EIT) systems require stable voltage controlled current generators that will work over a wide frequency range and with a large variation in load impedance. In this paper we compare the performance of two commonly used designs: the first is a modified Howland circuit whilst the second is based on a current(More)
Howland circuits have been widely used as powerful source for exciting tissue over a wide frequency range. When a Howland source is designed, the components are chosen so that the designed source has the desired characteristics. However, the operational amplifier limitations and resistor tolerances cause undesired behaviors. This work proposes to take into(More)
Tetrapolar probes have been widely used for measuring the impedance spectra of tissues. However, the non-uniform sensitivity distribution of these probes limits the ability to identify conductivity changes in tissue. This paper presents a novel method for improving the sensitivity distribution beneath a tetrapolar probe. The method consists of placing a(More)
The electrical bioimpedance spectroscopy is used as powerful technique for characterizing biological materials and detecting tissue anomalies. Commercial impedance analyzers can make impedance measurements of biological materials in a wide frequency range. However, they are expensive and have not been manufactured for measuring in vivo biological materials(More)
The measurement of electrical impedance of skin using surface electrodes permits the assessment of changes in local properties of the skin and can be used in the detection of tumors. The sensitivity of this technique depends mainly on the geometry of the probe and the size of the tumor. In this article, the impedance method was used to estimate the(More)
The aim of this study is to show how the modified Howland current source (MHCS) is affected by temperature changes. The source has been tested in a temperature range from 20 to 70 °C and frequency range from 100 Hz to 1 MHz. Parameters like output current, output impedance, total harmonic distortion, and oscillation have been measured. The measurements were(More)
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