Pedro Beltrán

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A reference collection of 72 strains representing 37 serovars of Salmonella subspecies I has been established for use in research on genetic and phenotypic variation in natural populations. Included are isolates of the host-adapted serovars S. choleraesuis, S. dublin, S. gallinarum, S. paratyphi A, S. paratyphi B, S. paratyphi C, S. pullorum, S. sendai, S.(More)
A collection of 72 reference strains of the Salmonella typhimurium complex of clones recovered from a variety of hosts and environmental sources in diverse geographic locations has been established for use in studies of variation in natural populations. Included are strains of the serovars S. typhimurium, S. saintpaul, S. heidelberg, S. paratyphi B(More)
Variation in the chromosomal genomes of 1527 isolates of eight common serotypes (O and H antigen profiles) of Salmonella was assessed by analysis of electrophoretically demonstrable allelic polymorphism at 23 metabolic enzyme loci. Seventy-one distinctive electrophoretic types, representing multilocus genotypes, were identified. A basically clonal(More)
Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis was employed to measure chromosomal genotypic diversity and evolutionary relationships among 761 isolates of the serovars Salmonella typhi, S. paratyphi A, S. paratyphi B, S. paratyphi C, and S. sendai, which are human-adapted agents of enteric fever, and S. miami and S. java, which are serotypically similar to S. sendai(More)
Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) of 397 Vibrio cholerae isolates, including 143 serogroup reference strains and 244 strains from Mexico and Guatemala, identified 279 electrophoretic types (ETs) distributed in two major divisions (I and II). Linkage disequilibrium was demonstrated in both divisions and in subdivision Ic of division I but not in(More)
Genetic diversity and relationships among 123 strains of Salmonella paratyphi B (serotype 1,4,[5],12:b:[1,2]) were estimated from an assessment of electrophoretically demonstrable allelic variation at 24 chromosomal enzyme gene loci. Fourteen electrophoretic types, marking clones, were distinguished, the phylogeny of the clonal lineages was reconstructed,(More)
Among the adhesin-encoding virulence operons associated with uropathogenic Escherichia coli, only pap (pyelonephritis-associated pilus)-related gene clusters typically exhibit variation in their structure and chromosomal copy number. To access further such variability, we compared pap restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) with those detected(More)
An electrophoretic analysis of allelic variation at 24 enzyme loci among 170 isolates of the serovar Salmonella dublin (serotype 1,9,12[Vi]:g,p:-) identified three electrophoretic types (Du 1, Du 3, and Du 4), marking three closely related clones, one of which (Du 1) is globally distributed and was represented by 95% of the randomly selected isolates. All(More)
Agents targeting the insulin-like growth factor receptor type 1 (IGF1R) have shown antitumor activity. Based on the evidence for interaction between the IGF-1 and TRAIL pathways, we hypothesized that the combination of ganitumab (monoclonal antibody to IGF1R) with the pro-apoptotic death receptor 5 agonist, conatumumab, might increase antitumor response.(More)
To determine the evolutionary mechanisms generating serotypic diversity in Salmonella strains, we sequenced the central, antigen-determining part of the phase 1 flagellin gene (fliC) in strains of several serovars for which estimates of chromosomal genomic relatedness had been obtained by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis. The nucleotide sequence of this(More)