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Tanycytes are bipolar cells bridging the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to the portal capillaries and may link the CSF to neuroendocrine events. During the perinatal period a subpopulation of radial glial cells differentiates into tanycytes, a cell lineage sharing some properties with astrocytes and the radial glia, but displaying unique and distinct(More)
The cell bodies of hypothalamic secretory neurons are localized in areas protected by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), whereas their axon terminals are localized in the median eminence, which lacks a BBB. This implies a complex barrier system, allowing neurons of the central nervous system to secrete into the blood stream without making the BBB leaky. In the(More)
The intra dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) administration of corticotropin releasing hormone (CRF) inhibits serotonergic (5-HT) activity in this structure, an effect blocked by antagonists selective for the type 1 CRF receptor (CRF1). The DRN has a high density of the type 2 receptor (CRF2), and so the present experiments explored the impact of CRF2 activation(More)
Four types of tanycytes can be distinguished in the rat hypothalamus: alpha(1) and alpha(2) tanycytes establish an anatomical link between the ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the arcuate nucleus, whereas beta(1) and beta2 tanycytes establish a link between CSF and portal blood. Endocytosis and transcytosis in these cells have been investigated by(More)
We have performed an ultrastructural and quantitative study of granular filamentous bodies (GFBs) present in the cytoplasm of some arcuate nucleus neurons of rats of both sexes castrated at one month of age and sacrificed one or three months later, as well as untreated and sham-operated animals of the same ages. GFBs appear as round or ovoid cytoplasmic(More)
Tanycytes are specialized ependymal cells lining the infundibular recess of the third ventricle of the cerebrum. Early and recent investigations involve tanycytes in the mechanism of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) release to the portal blood. The present investigation was performed to obtain a specific immunological marker of tanycytes and to(More)
Ultrastructural studies of the ependyma of the tuberoinfundibular region of the rat hypothalamus have revealed the existence of intraventricular axonal endings and of cytoplasmic blebs and bulbs that project from the apical surface of the ependymal cells to the ventricular lumen. All these structures account for the processes of ependymal apocrine secretion(More)
The area of cytoplasm, nucleus, nucleolus and mitochondria, as well as the elongation and irregular outline of the nucleus were determined, on electron micrographs by using an image analyser, for Ap (pale), Ad (dark with intranuclear vacuole), Ad-like (dark without intranuclear vacuole), Ac (cloudy) and Al (long) human spermatogonia. Ap and Ac spermatogonia(More)
P rogress in fluorescence imaging is enabling the study of biological events at unprecedented detail, thanks to novel microscopy techniques that provide imaging with nanoscale resolution. 3D imaging of living cells within intact tissues, organs, and whole animals, is accessible through multiphoton excitation. The remarkably rich photophysics of Fluorescent(More)