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We investigate a stochastic signal-processing framework for signals with sparse derivatives, where the samples of a Lévy process are corrupted by noise. The proposed signal model covers the well-known Brownian motion and piecewise-constant Poisson process; moreover, the Lévy family also contains other interesting members exhibiting heavy-tail statistics(More)
In this paper we introduce a new class of codes for over-loaded synchronous wireless and optical CDMA systems which increases the number of users for fixed number of chips without introducing any errors. Equivalently, the chip rate can be reduced for a given number of users, which implies bandwidth reduction for downlink wireless systems. An upper bound for(More)
In this paper we introduce a new class of codes for over-loaded synchronous wireless CDMA systems which increases the number of users for a fixed number of chips without introducing any errors. In addition these codes support active user detection. We derive an upper bound on the number of users with a fixed spreading factor. Also we propose an ML decoder(More)
In this paper, we prove the existence of capacity achieving linear codes with random binary sparse generating matrices over the Binary Symmetric Channel (BSC). The results on the existence of capacity achieving linear codes in the literature are limited to the random binary codes with equal probability generating matrix elements and sparse parity-check(More)
This paper is a tutorial review on important issues related to code-division multiple-access (CDMA) systems such as channel capacity, power control, and optimum codes; specifically, we consider optimum overloaded codes that achieve errorless transmission in the absence of noise for the binary and nonbinary cases. A survey of lower and upper bounds for the(More)
Our aim is to optimize wavelet–based feature extraction for differentiating between the classical versus atypical pattern of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) in volumetric CT. Our proposal is to act on the bandwidth of steerable wavelets while maintaining their tight frame property. To that end, we designed a family of maximally localized wavelet pyramids(More)
We study the issue of localization in the context of isotropic wavelet frames. We define a variance-type measure of localization and propose an algorithm based on calculus of variations to minimize this criterion under the constraint of a tight wavelet frame. Based on these calculations, we design the variance-optimal wavelet (VOW). Finally, we demonstrate(More)
In this paper, we introduce a new class of codes for overloaded synchronous wireless and optical code-division multiple-access (CDMA) systems which increases the number of users for fixed number of chips without introducing any errors. Equivalently, the chip rate can be reduced for a given number of users, which implies bandwidth reduction for downlink(More)
In this paper, we obtain a family of lower bounds for the sum capacity of code-division multiple-access (CDMA) channels assuming binary inputs and binary signature codes in the presence of additive noise with an arbitrary distribution. The envelope of this family gives a relatively tight lower bound in terms of the number of users, spreading gain, and the(More)
In this paper, we explore some of the fundamentals of synchronous Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) as applied to wireless and optical communication systems under very general settings (of any size) for the user symbols and the signature matrix entries. The channel is modeled by real/complex additive noise of arbitrary distribution. Two problems are(More)