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This paper describes a framework for establishing a reference airway tree segmentation, which was used to quantitatively evaluate fifteen different airway tree extraction algorithms in a standardized manner. Because of the sheer difficulty involved in manually constructing a complete reference standard from scratch, we propose to construct the reference(More)
This paper presents a method for airway tree segmentation that uses a combination of a trained airway appearance model, vessel and airway orientation information, and region growing. We propose a voxel classification approach for the appearance model, which uses a classifier that is trained to differentiate between airway and non-airway voxels. This is in(More)
In order to develop statistical methods for shapes with a tree-structure, we construct a shape space framework for treelike shapes and study metrics on the shape space. The shape space has singularities, which correspond to topological transitions in the represented trees. We study two closely related metrics, TED and QED. The QED is a quotient euclidean(More)
This study presents a fully automatic, data-driven approach for texture-based quantitative analysis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in pulmonary computed tomography (CT) images. The approach uses supervised learning where the class labels are, in contrast to previous work, based on measured lung function instead of on manually annotated(More)
The standard approaches to analyzing emphysema in computed tomography (CT) images are visual inspection and the relative area of voxels below a threshold (RA). The former approach is subjective and impractical in a large data set and the latter relies on a single threshold and independent voxel information, ignoring any spatial correlation in intensities.(More)
We present a new image registration based method for monitoring regional disease progression in longitudinal image studies of lung disease. A free-form image registration technique is used to match a baseline 3D CT lung scan onto a following scan. Areas with lower intensity in the following scan compared with intensities in the deformed baseline image(More)
This paper introduces a novel optimal graph construction method that is applicable to multi-dimensional, multi-surface segmentation problems. Such problems are often solved by refining an initial coarse surface within the space given by graph columns. Conventional columns are not well suited for surfaces with high curvature or complex shapes but the(More)
We present a fast and robust supervised algorithm for labeling anatomical airway trees, based on geodesic distances in a geometric tree-space. Possible branch label configurations for a given tree are evaluated based on distances to a training set of labeled trees. In tree-space, the tree topology and geometry change continuously, giving a natural way to(More)