Pawjai Khampang

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The gram-negative bacterium, An11/2 G1, isolated from the guts of Anopheles dirus mosquito larvae, was identified as Enterobacter amnigenus. The E. amnigenus was able to recolonize in the gut of An. dirus larva but not in those of Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus larvae. It was able to float in water for a longer period than Bacillus thuringiensis(More)
Biofilms of pathogenic bacteria are present on the middle ear mucosa of children with chronic otitis media (COM) and may contribute to the persistence of pathogens and the recalcitrance of COM to antibiotic treatment. Controlled studies indicate that adenoidectomy is effective in the treatment of COM, suggesting that the adenoids may act as a reservoir for(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Mucin genes MUC2, MUC5AC, and MUC5B have been identified as major gel-forming mucins in the middle ear (ME). This study compared polymorphisms in MUC2, MUC5AC, and MUC5B genes in otitis media (OM) patients and controls. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional case-control study. Patients age 6 months to 14 years undergoing routine tympanostomy(More)
The mosquito-larvicidal binary toxin of Bacillus sphaericus 2297 was expressed in Enterobacter amnigenus, a Gram-negative bacterium isolated from Anopheles dirus larvae gut. The toxin was placed under the regulation of various promoters in order to improve the expression level of the toxin. Amongst the recombinants obtained, E. amnigenus harboring pBS373, a(More)
Hearts from Brown Norway (BN/Mcw) rats are more resistant to ischemia than hearts from Dahl S (SS/Mcw) rats. We determined whether nitric oxide (.NO) is responsible for increased cardioprotection in BN/Mcw vs. SS/Mcw hearts. Hearts from the two strains were treated with N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMA) or S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) before ischemia and(More)
OBJECTIVE A novel mouse model with a specific genetic mutation in a G protein coupled receptor (GPCR) encoded by the Oxgr1 gene results in a predisposition to spontaneous otitis media with effusion. As a primary component of interest in OME, mucin expression was examined in this model to assess expression as compared to wild type animals and suitability as(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare levels of middle ear (ME) MUC5AC expression in patients with otitis media (OM) with patients without OM. Mucin gene 5AC has been identified as a major secretory mucin in the ME and is fundamentally important in the development of ME mucoid effusions, hearing loss and also provides ME mucosal protection and bacterial clearance. DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common malignant salivary gland tumor. The presence of mucin (MUC) genes has been correlated with patient prognosis using immunohistochemical techniques. This study was undertaken to 1) investigate the expression of newly discovered MUC genes in MEC specimens, 2) assess the correlation of this(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the differential response of the secretory gel forming mucins (GFM) to the most common bacterial pathogens causing otitis media, Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP), nontypeable Haemophilus influenza (NTHi), and Moraxella catarrhalis (Mcat), in a culture model of human middle ear epithelium (HMEEC). METHODS In vitro cultured HMEEC was(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate genetic differences in middle ear mucosa (MEM) with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) infection. Genetic upregulation and downregulation occurs in MEM during otitis media (OM) pathogenesis. A comprehensive assessment of these genetic differences using the techniques of complementary DNA (cDNA) library creation has not been(More)