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DNA methylation regulates gene expression in normal and malignant cells. The possibility to reactivate epigenetically silenced genes has generated considerable interest in the development of DNA methyltransferase inhibitors. Here, we provide a detailed characterization of RG108, a novel small molecule that effectively blocked DNA methyltransferases in vitro(More)
DNA methylation is an epigenetic process affecting gene expression and chromatin organization. It can heritably silence or activate transcription of genes without any change in their nucleotide sequences, and for a long time was not recognized as an important regulatory mechanism. However, during the recent years it has been shown that improper methylation,(More)
DNA methyltransferases are promising targets for cancer therapy. In many cancer cells promoters of tumor suppressor genes are hypermethylated, which results in gene inactivation. It has been shown that DNA methyltransferase inhibitors can suppress tumor growth and have significant therapeutic value. However, the established inhibitors are limited in their(More)
DNA methylation regulates gene expression in normal and malignant cells. The possibility to reactivate epigenetically silenced genes has generated considerable interest in the development of DNA methyltransferase inhibitors. Here, we provide a detailed characterization of RG108, a novel small molecule that effectively blocked DNA methyltransferases in vitro(More)
Two series of novel thienopyrrole inhibitors of recombinant human liver glycogen phosphorylase a (GPa) which are effective in reducing glucose output from rat hepatocytes are described. Representative compounds have been shown to bind at the dimer interface site of the rabbit muscle enzyme by X-ray crystallography.
Small-molecule inhibitors of DNA methyltransferases such as RG108 represent promising candidates for cancer drug development. We report the synthesis and in vitro analysis of a biotinylated RG108 conjugate, 2-(1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydro-isoindol-2-yl)-3-(5-[3-[5-(2-oxo-hexahydro-thieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl)pentanoylamino]propoxy]-1H-indol-3-yl)propionic acid(More)
NtOSAK (Nicotiana tabacum osmotic stress-activated protein kinase), a member of the SnRK2 subfamily, is activated rapidly in response to hyperosmotic stress. Our previous results as well as data presented by others indicate that phosphorylation is involved in activation of SnRK2 kinases. Here, we have mapped the regulatory phosphorylation sites of NtOSAK by(More)
UNLABELLED Using literature databases one can find not only known and true relations between processes but also less studied, non-obvious associations. The main problem with discovering such type of relevant biological information is 'selection'. The ability to distinguish between a true correlation (e.g. between different types of biological processes) and(More)
Changes in DNA methylation patterns play an important role in tumorigenesis. The DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1) protein represents a major DNA methyltransferase activity in human cells and is therefore a prominent target for experimental cancer therapies. However, there are only few available inhibitors and their high toxicity and low specificity have so(More)